In this tutorial we will wipe the default OS (Linpus Lite) from the internal 8GB SSD (or hard drive in the case of the AOA150) and install PeppermintOS (Five) Linux is its place.
Why would you want to do this .. Well Linpus Lite, though small and fast is based on Fedora core 8 which is a very old Linux distribution that has been out of active development for quite some time .. so Linpus Lite doesn't receive any updates, and it is nearly impossible to get any new software to install without jumping through hoops, if at all.
PeppermintOS (Five) on the other hand is based on the MUCH more recent Ubuntu 14.04 (Long Term Support release), but uses the LXDE desktop (with the Xfce4 window manager/compositor) which is more like a "normal" desktop environment, and is also small and fast .. it also has the added benefit of having access to the Ubuntu software repositories, so it is VERY easy to install the latest software.
If you want a quick look at what the PeppermintOS Five desktop will look like by default, see here:http://peppermintos.com/screenshots/
(obviously the appearance, wallpaper, themes, icons, etc. can easily be changed, and/or you can add dock bars such as docky/cairo-dock/etc. if you wish)
Or for a more in depth look at what PeppermintOS is all about, why not take a look through all the PeppermintOS user guide sections, here:http://peppermintos.com/guide/
As you can see it has a single panel at the bottom, an application menu, a system tray, and a workspace that you can put application icons (shortcuts), files, or directories on .. in fact (good or bad) it's very similar to the Windows layout.
I'm going to set out this tutorial in stages .. the first stage will tell you how to download the PeppermintOS Five ISO image, and how to use a Windows PC to write it to a 1GB or larger USB Stick.
The following stages will deal with installation, then some post-installation tasks to get Peppermint "just right".
These instructions may *look* complex at first glance, but take it from me it is easier than it looks
OK, Stage 1 .. Downloading the PeppermintOS (Five) ISO image (to a Windows PC) and writing it to the USB stick
The following instructions are for creating a PeppermintOS Five LiveUSB stick using a Windows PC .. if you need instructions for creating a LiveUSB on an Ubuntu based Linux distro including an earlier version of Peppermint, see the instructions at the end of this posting.
On your Windows PC, download the PeppermintOS (Five) 32bit ISO image from here:http://peppermintos.com/iso/Peppermint-5-20140623-i386.iso
or see here:http://peppermintos.com
Once you've got the ISO image .. download Universal USB Installer (version 126.96.36.199 or higher) from here:http://www.pendrivelinux.com/universal-usb-installer-easy-as-1-2-3/
Start Universal USB Installer, and at ..Step 1
.. In the drop down list, select PeppermintOSStep 2
.. point it at the ISO image you downloadedStep 3
.. Choose your (already plugged in >= 1GB) USB stick .. probably best to let it format it too, so backup its contents first.Step 4
.. (if available) Set the slider to the largest persistence file it will allow you.. so you can save changes. (if you want to test drive it first)
Heres a pic of the Universal USB Installer interface
.. and wait till it's done .. it will take a while, and *may* appear to have stopped .. but just wait till it says it's "Done"
.. as in the following pic
Pic of Universal USB Installer .. Installing to USB Stick
Once the LiveUSB has been created, click Close
, plug it into your AA1, then turn ON your AA1 .. as soon as you see the first screen (Acer Empowering People), hit the F12
key to access the boot device selection screen .. and select the USB HDD
as the drive to boot from and hit Enter
When asked, select "Try Peppermint
" not "Install Peppermint
Be aware .. running from a USB stick will be quite a bit slower that running it from the internal SSD after installation, so don't draw any conclusions about speed at this point
I *can* tell you that once installed, it takes slightly longer to boot than Linpus Lite .. but once booted it loads/runs applications just as quickly .. and has access to all the latest software.
Once you've got to a working desktop, you can either test drive Peppermint from the USB stick .. or you can just click the "Install Peppermint" icon that will be on the desktop .. but we'll get to that in a bit
For users creating the LiveUSB stick in another version of Peppermint (or other Ubuntu based distro)
First you'll need too install usb-creator-gtk, so open a terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T) and run:
sudo apt install usb-creator-gtk
Now from your menu's go to menu > System Tools > Startup Disk Creator
Here's what to expect -
I've found it's usually best to let it format the USB stick first, so in the bottom pane select your USB stick, and hit the "Erase Disk
" button, and enter your password if prompted.
Once the format is done, in the top pane, select the ISO image you want to create the LiveUSB stick from (if it's not already there, browse to it by clicking the "Other
If you want the LiveUSB to be persistent (ie. able to save changes), make sure "Store in reserved extra space
" is selected, and use the slider to adjust the size of the persistence file
(the amount of room set aside for saving changes).
Click the "Make Startup Disk
You'll be prompted for your password a couple of times before it tells you the LiveUSB has been created and is ready for use.