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Messages - DavidMcCann

General Discussion / Re: Is it me?
June 20, 2022, 04:43:05 PM
It's many years since I've stored anything on an optical disk but your problem may be a case of confused formats. The ISO 9660 format, used for creating bootable .iso Linux installers, has to be written as one single item. If you want to treat an optical disk that works like a floppy or hard disk, you need the UDF format. There is a tool mkudffs to format the fisk, part of the udftools package, but my distro doesn't have it and I don't expect many do.
Linux Support / Re: Installing new printer
March 27, 2022, 04:46:46 PM
If you run a web-browser and enter the address localhost:631 that gets you talking to CUPS — the Common Unix Printer System. There you can sometimes get useful explanations of what's happened to a job when nothing came out. It's also worth reading the trouble-shooting section of the printer manual.

PS Sorry about the mistake earlier: I copied Keith's entry to correct it and forgor to do so  :-[
Linux Support / Re: Installing new printer
March 26, 2022, 04:46:53 PM
It depends on where your downloads wind up. Mine, and I suspect yours, go to the Downloads directory, so you'd need
sudo alien Desktop/epsom-inkjet-printer-escpr-

Linux Support / Re: Installing new printer
March 25, 2022, 04:56:19 PM
What you've got is a package for Linux distros which use rpm packaging, which Mint doesn't. Luckily, there's a solution. The package alien will convert your rpm into a deb, which you can then install:

I suppose we should be grateful that Epson provides anything for Linux, but it does show why most of us but HP instead!
Linux Support / Re: MAJOR problems
February 22, 2022, 04:52:10 PM
It may just be a corrupted file system. See the last two answers to this thread: https://askubuntu.com/questions/341502/how-to-fix-error-ata1-00-failed-to-enable-aa-0x1-error-mask#342021 If that gets it going you'll be OK until your new drive arrives, otherwise at least you've got the live usb.

You can check the condition of a drive with SMART: https://linuxconfig.org/how-to-check-an-hard-drive-health-from-the-command-line-using-smartctl
Linux Support / Re: I've chosen!
February 21, 2022, 05:25:29 PM
One tip. Create a file with a word-processor or text editor and record any programs you've added from the repository and any configuration you've done. Disasters do happen and when I lost a hard drive it was a great help to know exactly what I'd done!

You can also keep a list of things you discover and would never remember, particularly if you use the CLI for clever tricks. One command that I discovered a few years ago, for example, is
for file in folder/*.odt; do unzip -p $file | grep -iq search-term && echo $file; done
It examines every word-processor fine in ~/folder and prints a list of any that contain search-term.
Linux Support / Re: Questions about user accounts
February 21, 2022, 05:16:22 PM
The .dll files are probably treated as in Windows. I have one in ~/.wine/drive_c/Program Files/QemuLator/ and several in ~/.wine/Program Files (x86)/MorinusWinEng, so it seems they go in the the program's folder.
Linux Support / Re: Questions about user accounts
February 20, 2022, 05:13:58 PM
The easiest way to add a user, or to delete one, us to use the GUI — why keep a dog and bark yourself? Mint has a Users & Groups utility in the Menu in the Cinnamon and Mate editions. In the Xfce, you need to use the CLI and the commands useradd or userdel.

You can find out about commands at https://linux.die.net/. To read the manual page without going there, use a command like man useradd. To find commands you can do apropos user.

Applications are installed for all users. Unlike Windows, their configuration information is stored in the users' directories, so that different users can have the same program set up differently, such as using different languages in their word processor.

It would be worth trying magicavoxel in Wine. You's probably have everything bar the dll file. Or try Goxel, that is available for Mint. Or try both — when it's free, there no problem.
A few replies.

You don't need to format the USB before converting it into an installation medium. The iso file is an image of n optical disk and it's dumped onto the usb stick regardless of how it's formatted. The result is that the usb now has the ISO 9660 format and to your computer it looks like an external DVD.

Mint generally has the same things available as Ubuntu — it's been described as "Ubuntu done properly". The chief exceptions are that Mint removes anything that it considers spy-ware or a possible security risk.

The Gnome GUI used by the standard Ubuntu is the most demanding one available, which is a bit odd considering it has fewer facilities that its competitors. Mint's Cinnamon, Mate, or Xfce are far less heavy. You should not need 8 GB in Linux, unless you are going to do things like editing large videos. I have 4 GB and currently, with a browser and office suite running, 1 GB is used for software, 1 for caches and buffers, and 2 are unused.
You can get the Ubuntu file's checksum from the site from which you got the iso. The checksum is calculated from the iso and it's a pretty reliable way of seeing if there's an error in the download. Windows 10, like Linux, will generate a checksum, but the old versions of Windows will need a small program to do it: https://download.cnet.com/MD5-SHA-Checksum-Utility/3000-2092_4-10911445.html
Linux Support / Re: Can I have some advice please?
February 11, 2022, 05:12:06 PM
Keith's tool is called Xkill. When you run it, the cursor becomes a skill and crossbones — click on a window and the program is shut down. Ctrl-Alt-Backspace will end the current session and take you back to a log-in screen. In some distros Ctrl-Alt-Delete is available, but it causes a reboot.

4 GB is ample for Linux. I have that on my desktop. At the moment I have a browser and word-processor running under the Xfce desktop. 1 GB is being used for the software, 1 GB for buffering and caching, and 2 GB are free. As for hardware incompatibility, almost the only time that happens these days is when the computer is much newer than the distro and has the very latest chips, or when the computer is as old as my 2002 laptop.

I wouldn't get a bundle of USB's — it would take for ever to evaluate the distros. If you go to http://distrowatch.com/, you can look up the various distros and read actual users' reviews. Some are silly, but the general trend is worth noting — if the average vote is at least 8/10 , it's not going to be bad. I'd try Mint, as a couple of us have advised — I've tried the current version and liked it. Never having owned a Windows computer I can't make a comparison, but one reviewer said the Cinnamon version of Mint is more like Windows 10 and the Mate version is more like Windows 7.

If you do have any problems, it's easier to get help than to switch to another distro, where you will probably have a different problem. Tinkering can become addictive: https://xkcd.com/456/
Linux Support / Re: Can I have some advice please?
February 10, 2022, 05:04:26 PM
A few comments.

Firstly, I'd recommend Linux Mint, which is a cleaned up and improved version of Ubuntu. I'm not sure when Keith last used Ubuntu — Unity is not the default desktop, having been dropped a couple of years ago.

For seeing what software is available, have a look at https://linuxappfinder.com/ that lists applications by category and also lets you search for equivalents to Windows programs.

For creating a Mint usb, they recommend a free Windows program called etcher. Have a look at the Mint installation instructions:https://linuxmint-guides.linuxsecrets.com/en/latest/index.html As they say in the guide, usb creation is more reliable than burning a disk.

For a bit of background, you might like to read
Not being a Debian user or familiar with apt, I can't offer direct help, but this page may be useful:

@ Keith — you've confused arch (architecture) with Arch!
Linux Support / Re: Change the Linux kernel
December 09, 2021, 04:31:44 PM
There are a lot of reports on line discussing similar problems, generally with Windows, and it's been around for several years. Obviously the monitor, computer port, and cable are satisfactory. So, what happens if you connect only the HDMI port and reboot?

Do you have Nvidia graphics? If so, the proprietary driver might help. If you are using Wayland graphics, switching to X might work. Some have solved it by disabling secure boot in the BIOS.
Linux Support / Re: Change the Linux kernel
December 08, 2021, 09:49:07 PM
Those kernels will be very little different from each other — the difference will probably be quite invisible to the user. Information on selecting a kernel when booting and permanently changing the default is in the wiki: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Kernel/KernelBootParameters

For adding a second monitor, see https://help.ubuntu.com/stable/ubuntu-help/display-dual-monitors.html