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General Help & Advice => Linux Support => Topic started by: Trenchcoat on August 23, 2021, 07:40:45 pm

Title: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Trenchcoat on August 23, 2021, 07:40:45 pm
My Toshiba Equium l300-140 which ran Windows Vista home premium has no option in BIOS 1.50 to boot a cd/dvd which I have bought to install Linux mint cinnamon 34 bit. The cd dvd optical drive appears to be built in Toshiba only with no option to boot from my own disc or usb. Can I make this machine bootable from a dvd?
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Rich J on August 24, 2021, 08:58:15 am
My Toshiba Equium l300-140 which ran Windows Vista home premium has no option in BIOS 1.50 to boot a cd/dvd which I have bought to install Linux mint cinnamon 34 bit. The cd dvd optical drive appears to be built in Toshiba only with no option to boot from my own disc or usb. Can I make this machine bootable from a dvd?

Firstly, can you access the BIOS on start-up?  Toshiba's have various methods, depending on model - you may have to press F2, F8 or F12 to access the menu. Once that opens, there should be a menu available to allow you to boot from a disk.  Try Googling "Toshiba Equium l300-140 bios menu" and try out the various methods listed.

Just for info:  Mint Cinnamon is is quite a 'heavyweight' in the Mint family of distros and your laptop may struggle a bit, depending on the RAM installed.  Also, 32bit is now being gradually phased out in favour of 64bit software - worth checking to see if yours is 64bit capable.  If it is 32bit only, there are other, lighter, versions of Mint (or alternatives to) that will do the job just as well without the 'bells and whistles' of Cinnamon - it depends on your own requirements as to usage.

Hope this helps,

Rich


Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Keith on August 24, 2021, 03:25:50 pm
Hi Trenchcoat.

If your machine is 32-bit then you might find this link for Mint MATE useful: https://forums.linuxmint.com/viewtopic.php?t=261881 (https://forums.linuxmint.com/viewtopic.php?t=261881).  The article is aimed at the Asus Eee Pc X101ch, but it could be relevant to your situation. 

Keith
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Trenchcoat on August 24, 2021, 03:46:02 pm
I can get into BIOS via f2 but then in Boot section there is only 1 Lan 2 fdd 3 USB memory 4 cddvd toshiba sd l622a 5 hdd. Could I use USB memory and download onto my stick a smaller version of Linux than Mint? Would this install after booting fromUSB memory?
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: DavidMcCann on August 24, 2021, 04:06:56 pm
I couldn't trace the L300-140 — did you mean the L300-146? The L300 is definitely a 64-bit computer, so there's not much point in using a 32-bit distro. That version of Mint will be supported until 2023, but after that it's all over — no more 32-bit Mint. As Keith said, the Cinnamon desktop may be a bit too much for that machine. Xfce would be the best choice.

It may be a silly question, but is your disk bootable? Look at it using Windows and see that it actually has a lot of folders and files. If it just has one file, ending .iso, then you didn't burn it correctly. If the disk is bootable, what actually happens when you choose BIOS option 4, cd/dvd?
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Trenchcoat on August 26, 2021, 06:45:54 pm
Yes, it is 146. My mistake. Total memory 1024MB.
It ran Vista Home Premium.
My plan is to download the most appropriate Linux programme onto a 64bit memory stick along with Rufus to make it bootable then try to install that in the USB MEMORY option (which appears to me to be the only one of the five options for booting from an external source currently on the machine?)
A couple of things occur to me:
1, On machines with Windows already installed do you have to completely de-install Windows to make room for Linux and if so how do you do that? Would having two take up double the space? I actually thought that as part of the installation process you were given the option to delete or de-install Windows?
2, The point you make about 34 bit Cinnamon being time limited quite surprises me. I am motivated to switch from Windows because it is too time limited and persistently requires updates which I have no control over and which I am certain is harvesting data for third parties. You seem to be saying that Cinnamon is time limited too?
3, Which version of Linux would be most functional and easiest to install on the Equium l300 - 146 and which would you recommend for me?
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Rich J on August 26, 2021, 08:25:51 pm
Yes, it is 146. My mistake. Total memory 1024MB.
It ran Vista Home Premium.  Then it should run 'most' Linux distros ok, albeit the 'heavier' ones may run a little slower (but all will be faster than Vista ever was!)  The governing factor is RAM - the more you have, the faster it runs
My plan is to download the most appropriate Linux programme onto a 64bit memory stick along with Rufus to make it bootable then try to install that in the USB MEMORY option (which appears to me to be the only one of the five options for booting from an external source currently on the machine?) Yes, that's another way to do it but if it will, then the option to install from disk most certainly will be in the menu somewhere, if a DVD player is installed, that is.
A couple of things occur to me:
1, On machines with Windows already installed do you have to completely de-install Windows to make room for Linux and if so how do you do that? No, you can run both alongside each other - it's called 'dual-booting - the Linux installer will automatically allocate the space required.   However........ Windows is notoriously 'bloated' and when installed will take over the whole drive so Linux will 'shrink' the partition that Windows sits on to make room for itself.
Would having two take up double the space?  No, see above. For info - Linux generally has a much smaller footprint than Windows  I actually thought that as part of the installation process you were given the option to delete or de-install Windows?  Yes, you do have that option
2, The point you make about 34 bit Cinnamon being time limited quite surprises me. I am motivated to switch from Windows because it is too time limited and persistently requires updates which I have no control over and which I am certain is harvesting data for third parties. You seem to be saying that Cinnamon is time limited too?  No, you misunderstand.  It is 32bit (not 34...) software that is being phased out.  All computers are now 64bit capable and have been for several years. 32bit software will still run on 64bit machines but there will no longer be any development or updating of it.  Simply put, it is now redundant so no point in working on it further.  Also, Linux has regular updates but these are more of refinement and further bolstering an already very secure system.
3, Which version of Linux would be most functional and easiest to install on the Equium l300 - 146 and which would you recommend for me?  Most Linux installs are pretty straightforward these days and it depends on your requirements and what your machine capability is as to version. Even the lightest and most basic of distros have good functionality and a great advantage of Linux is there's a mass of free software available that you can add if you wish.  ;) 

Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Trenchcoat on August 27, 2021, 12:04:38 pm
Many thanks,
I made the mistake of buying a Mint Cinnamon 32 bit CD on EBay thinking that I could install it on a Satellite M70-343.
I got quite excited because I saw this lovely desktop on it after what seemed like hours and thought RESULT!
I learnt in this process that user name is mint and password is just enter.
I also learnt that it is too big to install on that machine. The guy said he would send me a CD suitable for it gratis.
Now the Equium BIOS for CD booting is locked to a specific Toshiba Cd/DVD which is numbered and may be integral or built-in. It does not appear to recognise other CDs.
My concern is that MSM are now controlling the hardware and will fight back.
I really now see them as pervasive, insidious and cynically led, like the REAL virus we need to be vaccinated against.
I had no choice about upgrading to H20 on my main computer and they store all my user names and passwords.
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: steve57 on August 28, 2021, 11:57:00 am
I also learnt that it is too big to install on that machine.

Sorry but I don't understand that, how can it be too big? Or are you trying to install along side everything else that's already on the machine and there isn't enough room left? If so I'm afraid you're going to have the same problem with most distros.

As for which distro to go for, looks like you need something that's both lightweight and suitable for beginners. From my own experience (as a beginner myself) I would suggest Zorin Lite. Of all the distros I've tried (and I've tried an awful lot) I found Zorin Lite to be the quickest to boot up, and most responsive in use on a relatively under powered machine.

You could also try MX Linux, which is what I use most of the time now. Not as light as Zorin but lighter than Mint (in my opinion). I was previously using Mint and was perfectly happy with it, until a couple of months ago when I decided to install the latest version (Mint 20.2 I think). First thing was that it seemed to take twice as long to boot up, then over next week or two I had one or two other problems that I'd never had before. It was at this point I decided to look for an alternative, and settled on MX. Perfectly happy with it so far.

What you have to remember is that just because a particular distro runs perfectly well straight "out of the box" on my machine, it doesn't always follow that it will do the same on yours. It would be impossible to create a distro that suits every bit of hardware ever made, so often a bit of trial and error is needed. I'm fortunate in that I have three machines available that I can use to experiment with and try different things, and on more than one occasion I've had a distro that's worked perfectly on one, but been a right headache on another.

Good luck with whatever you decide to do, and please keep us posted with your progress.
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Trenchcoat on September 08, 2021, 09:35:51 am
Thank you.
"Distro" is the word for the bootable CD/DVD you can either buy or make yourself on a bootable CD/DVD?
Why are mobile phones now so much faster, smaller, more reliable and powerful than mainstream computers? Surely tablets and phones will completely replace everything?
Is it the case that on Windows 10 H20 you cannot boot by pressing any of the F buttons?
An MSM account is, of course, mandatory on our mobile phones along with Google accounts, enabling them to send timelines of all your movements, among other astonishingly invasive things.
It feels pervasive, addictive and totally habit forming.
It also feels completely impossible to avoid, evade or replace.
 :'( :'( :'(
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Trenchcoat on September 08, 2021, 01:08:43 pm
I downloaded Zorin Lite os 15 64 bit on my main computer then put it on a usb stick which I then put into my Equium l300 - 146. I changed boot to USB memory Generic and now I get "Missing operatv4.5system". This doesn't feel complicated, it feels impossible
 :'(
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Keith on September 08, 2021, 01:35:29 pm
Trenchcoat,

If you simply copied the downloaded Zorin file to your USB stick then this won't work.  The downloaded file is an ISO file - a collection of very many files compressed into a single file.  This needs to be expanded and organised into an "image" on a Live USB or Live DVD that can be used to try or install the OS onto your HDD.
Many DVD-writers have a facility for burning image files to DVD (eg Brasero) or to USB (Etcher-electron or Unetbootin).  Etcher is good as it comes with a USB formatter as well. 

Keith
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Trenchcoat on September 10, 2021, 03:34:45 pm
Thank you Keith,
I used Unetbootin and am now copying files into the Equium and it appears that 64-bit Mint Cinammon 19 is on there.
What I notice is that the time is always one hour ahead.
I chose to put it in place of anything else in the hard drive. Effectively delete everything else.
Does this mean that I now need to boot from something other than USB and can use that USB stick as a portable device to override any other software on any other computer?
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Keith on September 10, 2021, 03:45:55 pm
Don't worry about the time difference:  you can always change that under "Settings". 

Now that you have installed Mint, ensure that the USB stick is removed before booting.  Your machine will try to boot from the first device listed in the "Boot Order" you have set but as the USB stick is absent will try the next device in the boot list (often the DVD) and failing that it will try your HDD where, indeed, you have put the operating system.  In other words, just boot without a Live USB or Live DVD inserted and all will be fine.

If you ever want to try another OS, then booting with an appropriate Live USB or Live DVD inserted will display that OS (as long as you click on "Try without installing"!). 

Quote
.... can use that USB stick as a portable device to override any other software on any other computer?
Yes;  your Live USB can be used to install Mint on any other computer.

Do let us know how you get on with your new Mint.

Keith
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Rich J on September 11, 2021, 07:52:49 am
Don't worry about the time difference:  you can always change that under "Settings". 

Now that you have installed Mint, ensure that the USB stick is removed before booting.  Your machine will try to boot from the first device listed in the "Boot Order" you have set but as the USB stick is absent will try the next device in the boot list (often the DVD) and failing that it will try your HDD where, indeed, you have put the operating system.  In other words, just boot without a Live USB or Live DVD inserted and all will be fine.

If you ever want to try another OS, then booting with an appropriate Live USB or Live DVD inserted will display that OS (as long as you click on "Try without installing"!). 

Quote
.... can use that USB stick as a portable device to override any other software on any other computer?
Yes;  your Live USB can be used to install Mint on any other computer.

Do let us know how you get on with your new Mint.

Keith

And the same Live USB can be used to diagnose and repair your OS should anything go wrong with it - a very useful function indeed.  ;)
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Trenchcoat on September 11, 2021, 11:16:37 am
Keith,
I think that Mint Cinamon is much too big for the Equium machine so I need to find a smaller distro to install on it.
I got it up and running but it performed woefully taking ages to boot up then the keyboard didn't work in Libre and the internet didn't really work and it lagged terribly. It was just unworkable.
I did restart the machine but did not take the USB stick out. I may not have installed it properly.
I am considering using the USB stick to load Mint onto my 8gb RAM 64-bit newer Toshiba Satellite and have it there alongside Windows 10 to get used to it and compare and contrast. My Windows 10 has intermittent faults of involuntary cursor wandering and inputting of XXXXs. I had to switch it off and start it again this morning. Now there are three factors, right, hardware, software and internet provider? How can you diagnose accurately?
That machine does not appear to have F2 options for boot order so I do not know how I would set it to boot from usb?
I am assuming that if I then delete the contents of the usb stick then go back to Unetbootin and install a much lighter distro like Puppy with much lower machine system requirements then this will install on the Equium and be workable?
The appeal of the usb stick lies in the fact that you can wipe it clean at any time then load more memory onto it and make it live again through Unetbootin?
Is there any way of meeting others locally or in London in person or having real time conversations via phone or videocall?

Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Keith on September 11, 2021, 03:21:32 pm
Quote
I did restart the machine but did not take the USB stick out. I may not have installed it properly.

In order to use the installed operating system you must remove the USB stick, as I mentioned earlier, because you have set the boot order to boot from the Live USB if it is present, and running from the Live USB will be very slow.

Quote
I am considering using the USB stick to load Mint onto my 8gb RAM 64-bit newer Toshiba Satellite and have it there alongside Windows 10 to get used to it and compare and contrast. My Windows 10 has intermittent faults of involuntary cursor wandering and inputting of XXXXs. I had to switch it off and start it again this morning. Now there are three factors, right, hardware, software and internet provider? How can you diagnose accurately?
1. You can indeed use the Live USB to install Mint on your Toshiba in addition to Windows (make sure you have the 64-bit Live USB).
2. The wandering cursor might be due to an ultra sensitive mouse tablet.  I once found that inadvertently dragging my sleeve over the mouse tablet whilst typing on the keyboard moved the cursor - and you are not the only one to complain of this phenomenon. 
3. Mysterious inputting of a string of XXXXs looks like a stuck key, and is very unlikely to be a s/w issue.  One of my elderly friends has a similar problem because he will insist on eating his toast while typing and filling his keyboard with crumbs! but it could be just a worn key mechanism. 
4. Diagnosing the source of the problem:
    If the XXXXs occur only on the "X" key and independent of what application you are running (office, email, etc) then it's a hardware issue.  (and probably with any other sticky keys, too)
    If it only happens with one particular application (unlikely) then that would indicate a s/w issue, but I can't imagine how. 
    Internet-based applications would not cause this problem.

Quote
That machine does not appear to have F2 options for boot order so I do not know how I would set it to boot from usb?
There are several boot-access keys used by different manufacturers.  The "Delete" key is a favourite, so try that, and "F12" is another. 

Quote
I am assuming that if I then delete the contents of the usb stick then go back to Unetbootin and install a much lighter distro like Puppy with much lower machine system requirements then this will install on the Equium and be workable?
The installation will certainly work perfectly well, but "workable" depends on the computer itself.  Like you, I would expect a lighter O/S to behave quicker. 

Quote
The appeal of the usb stick lies in the fact that you can wipe it clean at any time then load more memory onto it and make it live again through Unetbootin?
Definitely!  BUT:  don't just press the delete key when you highlight the files for deletion - use Shift+delete or you will simply fill up the rubbish bin on the USB stick and the available space will be reduced.  And you can't "load more memory onto it".

Quote
Is there any way of meeting others locally or in London in person or having real time conversations via phone or video-call?
I would be very careful about passing your personal details to anyone you haven't already met and assessed as "safe".  This Forum discourages it but you might find a Linux computer club on line - try https://www.meetup.com/topics/linux/gb/17/london/ (https://www.meetup.com/topics/linux/gb/17/london/)

Keith


Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Rich J on September 12, 2021, 08:16:16 am
TC  - you are probably correct that Mint Cinnamon is too much for your rig to handle.  It is the premier version within the Mint family and requires a fair amount of RAM to deal with all it's 'bells and whistles'. 

But don't despair - if you wish to continue with Mint (and I'm assuredly a fan) then consider switching to Mint Mate, (pronounced mar-tay) version (just as good in my opinion with a more 'classical' appearance and the one I use) or Mint XFCE (stripped down version of Mint but still fully functional).  Other, lightweight versions of Linux are available, of course, Puppy being one of them and do work well.  The reason I've stayed with Mint is it's polish and stability, ease of use and, more importantly it's user base - ergo the potential 'pool' of advice is huge if things do go awry - rare, but it does happen.

For more info, take a look here - https://linuxmint.com/about.php

Rich
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Trenchcoat on September 14, 2021, 04:47:20 pm
Many thanks for your advice and help.
It does appear from Keith's advice that I was trying to use Mint Cinammon after failing to properly install it, not having removed the stick before re-starting the Equium, which, unfortunately, does not hold a charge on its battery and will only work with a power cable.
I am now going to have to use my USB stick again and go through the process again but this time remove the stick before re-starting the computer. I will only be able to properly assess it once it is properly installed and will only then be able to decide on future options.
So the routine is: 1, Start the Equium up after putting the usb stick in. 2, Get it to boot from the stick. 3, When it is booted and requires me to re-start the computer I then remove stick and re-start.
Will this mean that from then on the computer will boot from the hard drive into Linux as it will have been installed on the hard drive?
The learning curve has been steep for me and, I have to say, I have found this incredibly complex.
 
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Trenchcoat on September 14, 2021, 05:40:27 pm
One of the issues I face is that the tab keys on the Equium do not seem to work so that the blue Unetbootin panel which first appears giving me a number of options cannot be navigated so the computer just goes into default rather than gives me the option of choosing.
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Trenchcoat on September 14, 2021, 08:02:50 pm
I need to input a valid password to get back into the desktop but I do not remember giving a password and there seems no method of re-setting.
It now seems to be workable and a bit slower than MSN but not by a great deal. The keys seemed to work fine and the internet with an ethernet connection seemed OK. I imagine it will take much longer to boot up properly but when up and running seems ok.
There is my name and the name of the machine for some reason in the top left hand corner. On the right there is the correct time, an on/off switch, gb (presumably great britain) for keyboard setting and an Accessibility logo and the desktop is smart.
I do not know what the word "safe" means in this context and nor do I properly understand the need for strict anonymity in all communication.
Somebody, somewhere must have registered me somewhere and now know my details as my name is on the computer?
My broad assumption is that user names and passwords on that machine will now not be stored and that I will have to keep a record rather than have MSN keep one for me.
My broad assumption also is that activity on it will not automatically default to a Google or MSN account for storage, meaning that nobody will have any record?

Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Keith on September 14, 2021, 10:41:58 pm
Hi TC.

I am a bit overwhelmed now.  From your post #18 it looks like you intend to re-install Mint.  If so then you are right in saying that when asked to reboot the PC you must remove the USB before doing so.  The PC will then boot from the installed Mint.  You don't need to use the USB device ever again on that machine to run Mint (except to fix any problems, as Rich says). 

From your post #19:
Quote
One of the issues I face is that the tab keys on the Equium do not seem to work so that the blue Unetbootin panel which first appears giving me a number of options cannot be navigated so the computer just goes into default rather than gives me the option of choosing.
I never use the tab key when using Unetbootin - I always use the mouse to highlight the appropriate box. 

From your post #20:
Quote
I need to input a valid password to get back into the desktop but I do not remember giving a password and there seems no method of re-setting.
It's usual that the installation process asks you to provide a password for security, so I guess you must have entered one (or just pressed Return). 
Quote
It now seems to be workable and a bit slower than MSN but not by a great deal. The keys seemed to work fine and the internet with an ethernet connection seemed OK. I imagine it will take much longer to boot up properly but when up and running seems ok.
Do you mean that you can access applications like office s/w and and the internet?  If so, then the system is working. 
Quote
I do not know what the word "safe" means in this context and nor do I properly understand the need for strict anonymity in all communication.
Where and when do you see the word "safe" and in what context?
Quote
Somebody, somewhere must have registered me somewhere and now know my details as my name is on the computer?
No: all the details you entered on your computer exist only on the PC - the information is quite safe.
Quote
My broad assumption is that user names and passwords on that machine will now not be stored and that I will have to keep a record rather than have MSN keep one for me.
Names & passwords that you save (e.g. when registering on websites) will be stored in your browser application.  MSN will know nothing about them.
Quote
My broad assumption also is that activity on it will not automatically default to a Google or MSN account for storage, meaning that nobody will have any record?
That is correct.  Google and MSN only know about you when you are using their services - which I don't recommend!
You can set the default search engine which might be Google at installation but I recommend using DuckDuckGo for security.

I hope this helps a bit.
   keith

Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Trenchcoat on September 15, 2021, 05:56:50 pm
Keith,
Much of the confusion is caused by the fact that we cannot interface either online or in person so actual real time problems can be dealt with as they happen and as I report them on here. That is what I need, really.
In the moderation of comments on this platform, is there a time distance between me posting and you publishing what I write? If, for instance, I was to reveal my identity or yours then what would happen? What does "moderation" actually mean?
What I noted about Mint was that it carried my full name on the desktop when idle and I found that rather contradictory of the anonymity rule. Why is my full name on there?
The onscreen keyboard for Mint very strangely does not seem to include a Z. Why?
I remembered my password last night and was able to log back in.
I was able to get a You Tube stream up and running, and inputted text on Office Libre on first session and got satisfaction from the fact that I appeared to have got a redundant old machine back in use. Things like SAVING and having more than one window up at one time was desperately ponderous, slow and laboured, especially as I had Windows 10 going on another computer at the same time.
Today, however, keyboard inputting does not appear to be possible (just now, some did while others did not) so I am unable to input my password and use it.
The second session last night was slow and ponderous, indicating to me that 64-bit Mint Cinamon is, indeed, too big to work smoothly on a machine with limited RAM and processor speed.
It does appear that I am back to square one but with the vital knowledge that Linux can be installed on a USB stick and can function on an old laptop, bringing it back to life for me at no cost.
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Keith on September 15, 2021, 08:21:29 pm
Quote
Much of the confusion is caused by the fact that we cannot interface either online or in person so actual real time problems can be dealt with as they happen and as I report them on here. That is what I need, really.
In the moderation of comments on this platform, is there a time distance between me posting and you publishing what I write? If, for instance, I was to reveal my identity or yours then what would happen? What does "moderation" actually mean?
Any delay between you posting and your post being displayed will be a server issue - moderators have no control over displays of posts, except a member's very first post.  I'm sorry but personal interaction in real time will not happen on the Forum - a local Linux club might be your answer. 

"Moderation" is simply keeping an eye on the content of posts, ensuring that Forum Rules are obeyed (bad language, advertising, etc) and weeding out scam merchants who try to join the Forum. 

Revealing one's full name on the Forum is not forbidden but is discouraged and revelation of personal details might result in being banned. 

If Mint is displaying your full name then you must have entered it at some point during the installation.  This is  not regarded as a security issue unless you give others access to your computer. 
Quote
The onscreen keyboard for Mint very strangely does not seem to include a Z. Why?
I bet it does! 
Quote
I remembered my password last night and was able to log back in.
What can I say!!

The remainder of your post does seem to indicate some serious problems other than Mint being rather large for the machine. 
Quote
It does appear that I am back to square one but with the vital knowledge that Linux can be installed on a USB stick and can function on an old laptop, bringing it back to life for me at no cost.
Yes; this is a valuable function, and a skill that will prove very useful.  You've done well.

Keith

Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Trenchcoat on September 18, 2021, 01:56:34 pm
Keith,
I am mystified by your comment on the lack of a "Z" on the Mint onscreen keyboard.
I don't understand "I bet".
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Keith on September 19, 2021, 02:19:38 pm
I don't have a Mint computer working, but I would be very surprised if the on-screen keyboard didn't have a complete alphabet. 
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: steve57 on September 19, 2021, 08:39:23 pm
The Linux Mint on-screen keyboard does have a "z", but not where you would expect. It's on the top row, i.e. qwertz, and the "y" is bottom left where you would normally expect the "z" to be. Why on earth they've swapped over the "y" and "z" I've no idea, perhaps it's the layout in another country? Other than that I'm baffled.
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Keith on September 19, 2021, 10:13:16 pm
Have a look at https://matadornetwork.com/abroad/the-ultimate-guide-to-computer-keyboards-around-the-world/ (https://matadornetwork.com/abroad/the-ultimate-guide-to-computer-keyboards-around-the-world/) (eg Croatia and Czech layouts). 
and
https://www.technipages.com/linux-mint-change-keyboard-layout (https://www.technipages.com/linux-mint-change-keyboard-layout)
If the latter does not help, try as a search term "linux mint change keyboard layout" and you'll find some more links.

Keith
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Trenchcoat on September 24, 2021, 03:47:40 pm
Do I now need to delete completely all the live installs on my USB stick before going back into Unetbootin to hopefully download onto it a live bootable distro which is smaller and more manageable for an older machine with limited memory and processor speed?
I now need to boot from the USB again on the Equium to delete Mint altogether then replace it with something smaller.
1, Could I, alternatively, keep the live version on the stick to use whenever I wanted to on other, bigger machines? It's a PNY 64GB 3.1 usb stick.
2, Could anyone recommend a suitable distro which would give me the option of surfing the 'net, writing e-mails, playing DVDs, writing documents on a word processor package which I could store on my Toshiba Equium L300-146?
3, How do I convert stored files on a Linux operating system to be transferable to a Windows system?
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Keith on September 24, 2021, 05:39:55 pm
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Do I now need to delete completely all the live installs on my USB stick before going back into Unetbootin to hopefully download onto it a live bootable distro which is smaller and more manageable for an older machine with limited memory and processor speed?
You can do, but if you intend to install one of the live OSs on a newer machine you might as well keep them and buy a new USB for trying out a lighter version of Linux. 
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1, Could I, alternatively, keep the live version on the stick to use whenever I wanted to on other, bigger machines? It's a PNY 64GB 3.1 usb stick.
As above, really.
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2, Could anyone recommend a suitable distro which would give me the option of surfing the 'net, writing e-mails, playing DVDs, writing documents on a word processor package which I could store on my Toshiba Equium L300-146?
All versions of Linux offer these functions, it's just a question of finding a light version (light on required resources) that you like.  Other Members will offer suggestions that they favour, but you can do a web search for a list.  Here's one site that looks at ten small Linux systems: https://www.techradar.com/uk/news/best-lightweight-linux-distro (https://www.techradar.com/uk/news/best-lightweight-linux-distro) and there are plenty more that offer their own views.
Antix is one that crops up here occasionally, and I like Kubuntu.  There's also Linux Lite and Lubuntu. 
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3, How do I convert stored files on a Linux operating system to be transferable to a Windows system?
No need for any conversions.  From Windows version 10, Windows will read Open Document files favoured by Linux, so all your Linux-created office files should be OK on Windows, and all other file types (photos, music, videos, PDFs etc) are readable by all common operating systems. 

Keith
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Trenchcoat on September 30, 2021, 11:21:51 am
I have downloaded Absolute Linux onto my hard drive then copied it onto a USB stick and run it through Unetbootin to make it live to try that operating system (DISTRO is that the word for operating system?) but it will not boot on my Toshiba Equium as it says
"ERROR: No configuration file found
No default or UI configuration directive found
Boot:"
What do I do now?
Title: Re: Booting Linux mint
Post by: Keith on September 30, 2021, 03:40:37 pm
Hi TC,

Almost there.  This what you ought to do.....

Delete everything on your USB (by highlighting all the files and using Shift+Delete - that's important) then use Unetbootin to create a live USB like this:
Click the Radio Button "Diskimage" and search for your ISO file on the hard drive.
Click on the "Drive" window down-arrow and select your USB stick.
Click on "OK" and await your new live USB! 

Keith
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