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Messages - Keith

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General Discussion / Re: Email Clients
« on: Yesterday at 06:15:06 pm »
You're welcome, Harry.

General Discussion / Re: Email Clients
« on: Yesterday at 05:06:35 pm »
Hi Harry. 

Email Clients usually offer facilities not available on many web-mail services, notably local storage of emails that one can read off-line.  Thunderbird allows one to automatically download/send emails from/to several email accounts so that they appear all in one place - on your computer.  If your email accounts allow the use of aliases (a good idea) Thunderbird has a good alias management system so that you can receive/send mail under your aliases.  There are many other facilities, too, which is probably why Thunderbird is so popular.

Hotmail is a Microsoft mail provision (I think) and Outlook is a Microsoft client (like Thunderbird).  Unfortunately, Microsoft does not have a good reputation for privacy, especially since Windows 10. 

Web-mail has the advantage of being always available if you can get to any computer with an internet connection and usually has simple facilities for saving emails and addresses.  With the introduction of IMAP (Instant Mail Access Protocol) your emails exist both on the mail server and in your computer Inbox until you delete them. 

Security is especially important with emails and it's worth remembering that most "free" email services are not free - one is paying with one's mail meta-data.  But there are very secure, encrypted and free email services available with limited functionality.  Two that I use are and  The free versions do not allow the use of aliases but that's OK for most people. 

Paid-for email services are usually very cheap and provide good security.  I mainly use and pay about 1Euro/month for encrypted mail and storage and the best customer support I've ever experienced.  The owners are Liz and Dave. 

I hope this helps.

Ubuntu / Re: Can only boot to command line
« on: Yesterday at 11:11:47 am »
I note your other post elsewhere related to this issue, to which I have replied.

In the meantime I suggest that you do an update/upgrade:
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get update
Followed by:
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get upgrade
Then reboot.  Worth a try , anyway.


Hello Rattleback

It would be very helpful if you would provide some information about your PC.  I note from your other post that you can only boot into the command line, but assuming this is the normal command prompt you may be able to control your PC normally from there, and be able to run Firefox etc.  If this is so, then please enter the following command and post the output here:
Code: [Select]
inxi -Fx
If you don't have inxi installed you can do so as follows:
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get install inxi

David's explanation is still a bit advanced for me, but I did find something easier to follow and which works for me, and might be worth a try if David's method doesn't work for you.

Install pmount as it doesn't require user authorisation:
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get install pmount
Immediately after your device auto-unmounts, leave it connected and enter:
Code: [Select]
sudo fdisk -l
Your disk should be listed near the bottom of the output as /dev/sdc. 
If it is, then create a mount point and, as David suggests, you can call it anything you like, e.g. "/media/usb, /media/data, /home/neil/data or whatever you prefer".  For example:
Code: [Select]
sudo mkdir /media/usb
If your chosen mount point already exists, it will tell you - and that's fine.
Code: [Select]
sudo pmount /dev/sdc
....and your device should mount.  If it still doesn't mount, then I'm out of ideas.  If it does, then don't forget to unmount it when you have finished working with the device:
Code: [Select]
sudo pumount /dev/sdc
Good luck!


If it's been a bug in Mint, then perhaps Mint 20 has indeed "caught up".  If so, then creating a Live USB of Mint 20 might show if that's been the problem.  What do you think?


Hello haughtonomous - and welcome to the Forum.

Although Mint 20 is the latest version, Mint 18 is still supported, so that can't be your problem.
I'm a bit (= very) out of my depth on this one, but you might find some ideas here: and others might respond with better advice.


[EDIT] ...and this might offer some guidance on MTP (Micro$oft, apparently!)

General Discussion / Covid-19, contact tracing and privacy
« on: June 26, 2020, 08:20:54 am »
I came across a couple of web pages that are relevant to our lock-down status and might be of interest to Forum readers.
The privacy issues of contact-tracing applications may account for the poor take-up of mobile 'phone "apps", and with good reason. Here are the links:

By the way:  ProtonMail offers free and very secure mail and VPN services, and their customer care is first class even for non-paying users.  [I have no commercial interest in ProtonMail]


General Discussion / Re: Hi From Andy Westcott
« on: June 15, 2020, 04:27:08 pm »
Hello Andy - and welcome to the Forum.

Glad that you've seen the light and are joining the Linux fraternity.  You will find lots of help here, when you need it, and we look forward to hearing from you. 


General Discussion / Re: How do I save screen resolution
« on: June 10, 2020, 08:32:35 am »
That looks useful, Rich.   Although buying a small notebook might be a less stressful option. 


General Discussion / Re: How do I save screen resolution
« on: June 09, 2020, 03:41:42 pm »
Oh, yes - I was getting confused with SOIC.

General Discussion / Re: How do I save screen resolution
« on: June 09, 2020, 02:54:16 pm »
Not sure what an SOC is, but I found a couple of sites on the web that might be of interest:

It all looks pretty awful to me and here is one comment from the last URL:  "So is [putting Linux onto a tablet] a good idea for you? That’s a tough question, but I can tell you what I think about it. First, if you are a casual tablet or computer user, I don’t recommend doing this at all. In many cases, you will need to have a good grasp on how tablets work and how to flash them with different operating systems. On top of that, you will spend time tweaking drivers in order to get things like sound working and sometimes even your wireless card."

Which says it all for me!  Sorry I can't help you but perhaps others here can.
Good Luck

General Discussion / Re: How do I save screen resolution
« on: June 09, 2020, 12:02:14 pm »
Not so much a "dual boot" system as a "triple boot" one! 
I'm out of my depth here, but one of the other mentors will provide some advice. 

Sorry I can't be of more help.

Ubuntu / Re: How to Override Microphone Auto-adjustment in Chrome?
« on: June 09, 2020, 11:58:56 am »
Well, it's easy enough.  Have a look at

Might be an idea to backup your Bookmarks first, if they are important. 


Ubuntu / Re: How to Override Microphone Auto-adjustment in Chrome?
« on: June 09, 2020, 11:51:21 am »
It might be easier to fix Firefox by simply re-installing it.  You lose nothing as you are using Chrome at present. 
Have you kept your updates up-to-date? 

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