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Messages - Keith

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Linux Support / Re: Booting Linux mint
« on: September 24, 2021, 05:39:55 pm »
Do I now need to delete completely all the live installs on my USB stick before going back into Unetbootin to hopefully download onto it a live bootable distro which is smaller and more manageable for an older machine with limited memory and processor speed?
You can do, but if you intend to install one of the live OSs on a newer machine you might as well keep them and buy a new USB for trying out a lighter version of Linux. 
1, Could I, alternatively, keep the live version on the stick to use whenever I wanted to on other, bigger machines? It's a PNY 64GB 3.1 usb stick.
As above, really.
2, Could anyone recommend a suitable distro which would give me the option of surfing the 'net, writing e-mails, playing DVDs, writing documents on a word processor package which I could store on my Toshiba Equium L300-146?
All versions of Linux offer these functions, it's just a question of finding a light version (light on required resources) that you like.  Other Members will offer suggestions that they favour, but you can do a web search for a list.  Here's one site that looks at ten small Linux systems: and there are plenty more that offer their own views.
Antix is one that crops up here occasionally, and I like Kubuntu.  There's also Linux Lite and Lubuntu. 
3, How do I convert stored files on a Linux operating system to be transferable to a Windows system?
No need for any conversions.  From Windows version 10, Windows will read Open Document files favoured by Linux, so all your Linux-created office files should be OK on Windows, and all other file types (photos, music, videos, PDFs etc) are readable by all common operating systems. 


Linux Support / Re: Can't do a manual fsck on root system
« on: September 21, 2021, 09:47:00 pm »
Many thanks Sezo - that worked perfectly. 


Linux Support / Can't do a manual fsck on root system [SOLVED]
« on: September 21, 2021, 04:15:19 pm »
Lenovo B50-10 running Ubuntu 18.04

A mate sent me his Lenovo laptop to fix as it wouldn't boot and indicated a manual fsck was necessary. 
It boots straight into the GRUB screen (without pressing the Shift key).  I selected "Advanced options for Ubuntu" and then selected "Recovery Mode" expecting to see another screen with a recovery mode menu so I could choose manual fsck, but it did an auto-fsck on /dev/sda2 and outputted two pages of stuff, exiting with Code 4 (which is just "File system errors left uncorrected"). 

Then followed the advice to run a manual fsck without the -a or -p options, finishing with "File system check of root file system failed.  Requires a manual fsck."

That it is performing fsck automatically at boot is making things difficult so I checked that the boot order is USB first then booted with an Ubuntu 20.04 USB in place with a view to running fsck from that - but this was ignored and it went into the usual routine. 

I found the GRUB command line screen (typing c at one point) but none of the commands I could think of were recognised. 

Any ideas, anyone? 

EDIT 1:  Discovered that Legacy Boot was not enabled!  I can now boot from a USB and will be able to back up files before messing with the system.

Linux Support / Re: Booting Linux mint
« on: September 19, 2021, 10:13:16 pm »
Have a look at (eg Croatia and Czech layouts). 
If the latter does not help, try as a search term "linux mint change keyboard layout" and you'll find some more links.


Many thanks for posting this news, Matilda.  Although beyond my price range at present, the concept is long overdue and to be welcomed. 


Linux Support / Re: Booting Linux mint
« on: September 19, 2021, 02:19:38 pm »
I don't have a Mint computer working, but I would be very surprised if the on-screen keyboard didn't have a complete alphabet. 

Linux Support / Re: Booting Linux mint
« on: September 15, 2021, 08:21:29 pm »
Much of the confusion is caused by the fact that we cannot interface either online or in person so actual real time problems can be dealt with as they happen and as I report them on here. That is what I need, really.
In the moderation of comments on this platform, is there a time distance between me posting and you publishing what I write? If, for instance, I was to reveal my identity or yours then what would happen? What does "moderation" actually mean?
Any delay between you posting and your post being displayed will be a server issue - moderators have no control over displays of posts, except a member's very first post.  I'm sorry but personal interaction in real time will not happen on the Forum - a local Linux club might be your answer. 

"Moderation" is simply keeping an eye on the content of posts, ensuring that Forum Rules are obeyed (bad language, advertising, etc) and weeding out scam merchants who try to join the Forum. 

Revealing one's full name on the Forum is not forbidden but is discouraged and revelation of personal details might result in being banned. 

If Mint is displaying your full name then you must have entered it at some point during the installation.  This is  not regarded as a security issue unless you give others access to your computer. 
The onscreen keyboard for Mint very strangely does not seem to include a Z. Why?
I bet it does! 
I remembered my password last night and was able to log back in.
What can I say!!

The remainder of your post does seem to indicate some serious problems other than Mint being rather large for the machine. 
It does appear that I am back to square one but with the vital knowledge that Linux can be installed on a USB stick and can function on an old laptop, bringing it back to life for me at no cost.
Yes; this is a valuable function, and a skill that will prove very useful.  You've done well.


Linux Support / Re: Log in requested for samba shares in Peppermint
« on: September 15, 2021, 01:07:49 pm »
Hi Tramlink.

It's been too many years since I did this for me to be able to assist, but it might help other Members to offer advice if you can tell us which sharing system you are using.  e.g. Samba (good for Windows-Linux) or NFS (best for Linux-Linux). 
This might help some people:


Linux Support / Re: Booting Linux mint
« on: September 14, 2021, 10:41:58 pm »
Hi TC.

I am a bit overwhelmed now.  From your post #18 it looks like you intend to re-install Mint.  If so then you are right in saying that when asked to reboot the PC you must remove the USB before doing so.  The PC will then boot from the installed Mint.  You don't need to use the USB device ever again on that machine to run Mint (except to fix any problems, as Rich says). 

From your post #19:
One of the issues I face is that the tab keys on the Equium do not seem to work so that the blue Unetbootin panel which first appears giving me a number of options cannot be navigated so the computer just goes into default rather than gives me the option of choosing.
I never use the tab key when using Unetbootin - I always use the mouse to highlight the appropriate box. 

From your post #20:
I need to input a valid password to get back into the desktop but I do not remember giving a password and there seems no method of re-setting.
It's usual that the installation process asks you to provide a password for security, so I guess you must have entered one (or just pressed Return). 
It now seems to be workable and a bit slower than MSN but not by a great deal. The keys seemed to work fine and the internet with an ethernet connection seemed OK. I imagine it will take much longer to boot up properly but when up and running seems ok.
Do you mean that you can access applications like office s/w and and the internet?  If so, then the system is working. 
I do not know what the word "safe" means in this context and nor do I properly understand the need for strict anonymity in all communication.
Where and when do you see the word "safe" and in what context?
Somebody, somewhere must have registered me somewhere and now know my details as my name is on the computer?
No: all the details you entered on your computer exist only on the PC - the information is quite safe.
My broad assumption is that user names and passwords on that machine will now not be stored and that I will have to keep a record rather than have MSN keep one for me.
Names & passwords that you save (e.g. when registering on websites) will be stored in your browser application.  MSN will know nothing about them.
My broad assumption also is that activity on it will not automatically default to a Google or MSN account for storage, meaning that nobody will have any record?
That is correct.  Google and MSN only know about you when you are using their services - which I don't recommend!
You can set the default search engine which might be Google at installation but I recommend using DuckDuckGo for security.

I hope this helps a bit.

Linux Support / Re: Chrome Update help needed please!
« on: September 13, 2021, 04:40:38 pm »
OK so now:
Code: [Select]
sudo dpkg --configure -a
....and if all is well:
Code: [Select]
sudo apt upgrade

{Sezo:  Please do jump in as I am not familiar with dpkg and this error appeared also on Matilda's other post}


Linux Support / Re: MPV Media player doesn´t play my DVDs on Ubuntu
« on: September 12, 2021, 09:58:02 pm »
I don't want to preempt Sezo, but your output you: "you must manually run 'sudo dpkg --configure -a' to correct the problem".  So in a terminal enter:
Code: [Select]
sudo dpkg --configure -a
Then if all is well:
Code: [Select]
sudo dpkg-reconfigure libdvd-pkg


Linux Support / Re: Chrome Update help needed please!
« on: September 12, 2021, 09:52:36 pm »
Hello guys, just logged into my Macbook running on Ubuntu and when I launched Chrome it said it is needing an update but I don't know how to do it. I know how to do it on Peppermint but I'm stumped on Ubuntu!

Some instructions would be very welcome!
In principle, if you do a manual update that should update Chrome along with any other updates available.  There are two ways:
1. If you are using the Unity desktop (with the large icons down the LHS of your desktop) search for "Software update".  If you are using the Classic View desktop click on Applications/System-Tools/Administration/Software-Updater. 
2. To use the terminal, start a terminal session (Ctrl+Alt+T) and enter:
Code: [Select]
sudo apt update
When that finishes, enter
Code: [Select]
sudo apt upgrade
Another question for you, which is related. Since my Chromebook seems to be on its last update, when it is no longer working well enough for use, is it possible to clear the Chrome OS and put Peppermint on it to give it a new lease of life? I've read some people can do it.
I am not familiar with the Chromebook, but I don't see why not - other Members may have some experience of doing so. 


Hardware Compatibility / Re: O.U. Sense Board
« on: September 11, 2021, 07:21:09 pm »
Hi Stuart - and welcome to the Forum.

Your best bet might be to canvas the views of fellow students on the TU100_Sense course as some of them will certainly be Linux users. 
My own experience (many years ago) was that OU s/w didn't quite work as intended on Linux systems, although I would be surprised if they haven't improved a lot since then. 

Good luck.

Linux Support / Re: Booting Linux mint
« on: September 11, 2021, 03:21:32 pm »
I did restart the machine but did not take the USB stick out. I may not have installed it properly.

In order to use the installed operating system you must remove the USB stick, as I mentioned earlier, because you have set the boot order to boot from the Live USB if it is present, and running from the Live USB will be very slow.

I am considering using the USB stick to load Mint onto my 8gb RAM 64-bit newer Toshiba Satellite and have it there alongside Windows 10 to get used to it and compare and contrast. My Windows 10 has intermittent faults of involuntary cursor wandering and inputting of XXXXs. I had to switch it off and start it again this morning. Now there are three factors, right, hardware, software and internet provider? How can you diagnose accurately?
1. You can indeed use the Live USB to install Mint on your Toshiba in addition to Windows (make sure you have the 64-bit Live USB).
2. The wandering cursor might be due to an ultra sensitive mouse tablet.  I once found that inadvertently dragging my sleeve over the mouse tablet whilst typing on the keyboard moved the cursor - and you are not the only one to complain of this phenomenon. 
3. Mysterious inputting of a string of XXXXs looks like a stuck key, and is very unlikely to be a s/w issue.  One of my elderly friends has a similar problem because he will insist on eating his toast while typing and filling his keyboard with crumbs! but it could be just a worn key mechanism. 
4. Diagnosing the source of the problem:
    If the XXXXs occur only on the "X" key and independent of what application you are running (office, email, etc) then it's a hardware issue.  (and probably with any other sticky keys, too)
    If it only happens with one particular application (unlikely) then that would indicate a s/w issue, but I can't imagine how. 
    Internet-based applications would not cause this problem.

That machine does not appear to have F2 options for boot order so I do not know how I would set it to boot from usb?
There are several boot-access keys used by different manufacturers.  The "Delete" key is a favourite, so try that, and "F12" is another. 

I am assuming that if I then delete the contents of the usb stick then go back to Unetbootin and install a much lighter distro like Puppy with much lower machine system requirements then this will install on the Equium and be workable?
The installation will certainly work perfectly well, but "workable" depends on the computer itself.  Like you, I would expect a lighter O/S to behave quicker. 

The appeal of the usb stick lies in the fact that you can wipe it clean at any time then load more memory onto it and make it live again through Unetbootin?
Definitely!  BUT:  don't just press the delete key when you highlight the files for deletion - use Shift+delete or you will simply fill up the rubbish bin on the USB stick and the available space will be reduced.  And you can't "load more memory onto it".

Is there any way of meeting others locally or in London in person or having real time conversations via phone or video-call?
I would be very careful about passing your personal details to anyone you haven't already met and assessed as "safe".  This Forum discourages it but you might find a Linux computer club on line - try


Linux Support / Re: Booting Linux mint
« on: September 10, 2021, 03:45:55 pm »
Don't worry about the time difference:  you can always change that under "Settings". 

Now that you have installed Mint, ensure that the USB stick is removed before booting.  Your machine will try to boot from the first device listed in the "Boot Order" you have set but as the USB stick is absent will try the next device in the boot list (often the DVD) and failing that it will try your HDD where, indeed, you have put the operating system.  In other words, just boot without a Live USB or Live DVD inserted and all will be fine.

If you ever want to try another OS, then booting with an appropriate Live USB or Live DVD inserted will display that OS (as long as you click on "Try without installing"!). 

.... can use that USB stick as a portable device to override any other software on any other computer?
Yes;  your Live USB can be used to install Mint on any other computer.

Do let us know how you get on with your new Mint.


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