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Messages - Rich J

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General Help & Advice / Re: Remove w10 (SOLVED)
« on: June 03, 2019, 08:23:32 pm »
You're welcome!   ;)

General Help & Advice / Re: Remove w10
« on: June 03, 2019, 08:49:59 am »
Thank for the reply Rich the laptop has 8gb memory and isn't used for anything heavy like video editing so I take it I don't need to create the swap partition?Will the be any problems with the boot loader after removing w10 or will reinstalling Mint sort it out?

I can't say what would happen if you remove W10 and then re-size the partitions as I've never done it - I've only ever dual-booted Linux distros.  (My guess is Grub would still work because you have to install Windows first, then Mint, and then update Grub for it to to 'see' both OS's - but I stress - it's only a guess!) 

If you go for a fresh install, the bootloader will choose to place it's files in the relevant area unless you specify dedicated partitions.  For example, my set up is roughly  / 80GB, /home 380GB, unallocated 10GB on a 500GB SSD.  / is for the system and /home for all my stuff.  I left 10GB unallocated for use of the SSD to ease re-write issues (thus extending the life of the SSD) but current thinking doesn't deem this necessary any more.  Depending upon the size of your HDD/SSD, make / at least 20GB for the system files if you can, and the rest for /home. 

If you decide just to overwrite everything, let the installer use the whole disk and you'll be good to go.  (I prefer a separate /home partition to keep my files away from the system stuff but it's purely a personal choice).

This might be useful to run your eyes over -

There's lots of info about installing and configuring Mint that's easy to follow and (so far!!) I haven't had a problem............

Oh, and I went for the MATE version of M19.1 - again, a personal preference as I don't seem to get on with Cinnamon for some reason.  I don't need all the fancy stuff for what I do and I find MATE more than adequate and very stable which is the most important thing for me.  ;)


General Help & Advice / Re: Remove w10
« on: June 01, 2019, 09:17:05 am »
I'm currently dual booting Mint19.1 alongside w10 but I'n now a convert and want to remove w10  .Would the easiest method be to reinstall Mint and choose 'erase disk and Install Mint' and if I did it this way can I still create  root,swap and home partitions  or will Mint automatically set up it's own partitions.If so can I then use gparted to alter the partitions to create the 3 partitions?
   The other option seems to be to go into gparted and just delete the windows partition/s  then reclaim the space for Mint.If I did it this way can the three partitions already created be resized as well?       


My experience with partitioning would lead me to doing a fresh install (avoids potential conflicts if you get it wrong) and simply choose 'something else' from the install disk.  The installer will walk you through the steps to create each partition so you can replicate your current set-up if you wish - notwithstanding the sizes will be different to use up the newly available space. Depending upon how much RAM you have, you may not need a swap partition - Mint will create a 'swap file' instead.  There's lots of info out there on partitioning linux so it's worth reading up before you proceed.  Do you have an SSD?  If so, there are tweaks you can do to swap to help with SSD longevity.     

Of course,  back up your personal stuff safely before proceeding ............ ;)


General Help & Advice / Re: LIBRE OFFICE why no upgrade (resolved)
« on: May 20, 2019, 08:35:45 am »
Hi how do you copy all the TTF fonts that come with Office across to Linux?

Could this be it?  Menu/Synaptic Package Manager/Search "ttf-mscorefonts-installer" gives all Ms fonts.  Apply, then agree to the EULA and you're done.  ;)


General Help & Advice / Re: Partitioning SSD
« on: May 05, 2019, 03:03:37 pm »
Sorry Rich, I'm just super busy with the upcoming Peppermint 10 at the moment, so didn't have time to respond :(

No worries!  It was probably the easiest way to get up and running anyway - the install only took 5mins or so from the disk and a matter of seconds with sudo update.  All my personal settings were preserved on my separate /home partition.  I still wonder what happened with Clonezilla but it doesn't really matter now - with reinstall being this easy I'll probably do the same again if needed and backup personal files periodically.  Is there a good incremental backup that does the job?


General Help & Advice / Re: Partitioning SSD
« on: May 03, 2019, 10:27:36 am »
Update:  Had to go for reinstall after all as computer was needed urgently.  Less painful than I thought as most config files were in separate /home so only had a bit of system fettling to do and all seems ok.  Still no idea why Clonezilla acted up but possibly my inexpert use!  ::)

Thanks again


General Help & Advice / Re: Partitioning SSD
« on: May 02, 2019, 12:07:44 pm »


Just use "Disks" to create a disk image somewhere.

Ok, thanks - have used Clonezilla which seems to have worked ok, but......... I can't see the partition on the target drive where the cloned image is stored.

In preparation, I partitioned a 500Gb Seagate external HDD into 2 equal partitions - both as Primary partitions ext4.  The 1st (sdb1) is for the cloned system files, the 2nd (sdb2) is for the User content.  Clonezilla reported it had cloned the system files successfully from sda1 to sdb1 but when I reconnect the Seagate, I can only see the User partition (sdb2).  I'm wondering if I set up the Seagate incorrectly as when I try to open the 1st partition it says 'cannot be mounted'?  The 2nd partition opens ok and the User files are intact.  Any idea what I did wrong?

Also - and I don't know if this is connected in any way - after cloning, I rebooted but the LAN connection failed.  The info in network manager is all there as set up but it won't connect.  I've put in a wifi dongle as a temporary measure to get online but am stumped as to where to go from here?

I've no problem in starting again with cloning as I can wipe the target drive and redo the partitions if necessary.


EDIT:  Boot failure! 

I tried to reboot after a break and I just get a grub rescue prompt.  Attempting to re-install from the clone gives an error that the target partition (sda1)  is too small.  I think it's finding the boot sector (500MB) but there's nothing I can see to change to sda1 itself.  (sda is 80GB)  I definitely set cloning from sdb1 to sda1 so I've no idea what's happened here.........

 I've tried re-intalling grub as per your advice here - - but get this - mint@mint:~$ sudo mount /dev/sda1/ /mnt/boot
mount: /mnt/boot: mount point does not exist.

From the live disk, GParted shows this -
File system unknown
Status  Unmounted
Unable to detect file system! Possible reasons are:
- The file system is damaged
- The file system is unknown to GParted
- There is no file system available (unformatted)
- The device entry /dev/sda1 is missing     ???

How could this have got screwed up when only being copied?  I would assume Clonezilla wouldn't alter anything?  Well I'm stuck!  I think the files are all there but aren't being seen........  Can you advise please - I'd really rather not reinstall the system as I've done a lot of configuring........

Thanks in advance


I'm looking for something which will protect me against malware & stuff such as keyloggers while browsing.
Free or otherwise.
My OS etc is listed below.

Many thanks

Do you use Firefox as your browser?  If so, take a look here as a start -  -  Plus a Google search will bring up plenty of advice. 

There's a ton of ways to prevent attacks but be wary of applying some of them, as an override to the browser's security settings can be counter-productive.  In Firefox, I installed UBlock Origin, Privacy Badger and HTTPs Everywhere as well as working through recommended security settings and (so far) haven't had an issue.  Good browsing methods are key - don't click on a link you don't trust or open a page that carries a warning.

At the end of the day, the best protection is that wonderful piece of kit between the ears...........   ;)

General Help & Advice / Re: Partitioning SSD
« on: April 29, 2019, 10:44:33 pm »
In general operation (without swap) I'd expect the majority of writes to probably go to /temp files (which is in /) and web caches (which'll be in /home).

It can be done in situ .. but it won't be easy.

You're worrying too much .. most of the info out there on the web about making sure you minimise writes is either old info or people perpetuating old info .. modern SSD's will generally outlast an HDD so stop worrying.

LOL!  Ok, I'll relax then! 

I'm pleased with my efforts for a 1st build - just over £300 for a system with 500GB SSD and 8GB Ram, new case with PSU fitted, Gigabyte motherboard, Intel i3-8100 CPU and DVD writer.  (Saved £200+ on having it built for me).  Took about 2hrs to assemble and worked first time.  Installed Mint 19.1 Cinnamon originally but after updating and a bit of fettling, Cinnamon played up and no desktop appeared (this has happened before) so re-installed with Mate.  No issues this time and boots to login in under 20 secs.  Happy days!  Now looking to do a clone of the system as a precaution - any thoughts on the best (ie: easiest) method?

Thanks for the help so far  ;)


General Help & Advice / Re: Partitioning SSD
« on: April 27, 2019, 08:49:26 am »
Which version of Mint ?

Personally I'd just accept the defaults and let Mint decide on the partitioning scheme (likely not to have a separate /home, but I honestly can't see the point in them).

Depending on the Mint version it may have a swap FILE rather than partition .. but you can always turn off swap if you're worried about it (though personally I don't think you've needed to worry about swap on an SSD for some years now).


Thinking about it, a swap FILE is probably a much better idea than a swap PARTITION on a siingle large / partition SSD . wear levelling in the firmware will be able to reallocate it (move it around on the drive) more.

So my advice (on Mint 19 at least) would be to just accept the defaults .. which should result in one large / partition and a swap FILE.

Hi Mark - thanks for the reply.

Version is Mint 19.1 

I went for the 2 partition scheme (as a hangover from my old system where I had problems with re-installs) so the new set up is 500GB SSD - / =80GB - /home the rest - no swap partition.   I did it this way to avoid possible data losses if a re-install was needed. (This is my 1st experience with a SSD so playing it safe!)  Where do the bulk of re-writes come from?  Is it the system itself or from User created files?  If the system, there would only be 80GB for the firmware to 'play with' as it were, or does this not apply?

To go with your suggestion of 1 partition, if I wanted to alter it, can those partitions I created be merged 'in situ' seamlessly without disruption to data or would it mean a fresh re-install?



General Help & Advice / Partitioning SSD
« on: April 24, 2019, 07:36:05 pm »
Hi All - I've got my new build up and running and I'm ready to install a new version of Mint.  But before I do, I could do with some advice re partitioning the SSD, both for optimum speed and wear.

Specs are Crucial MX500 500GB SSD, 8GB (2x4) RAM.  I don't envisage having a separate HDD for storage as I'll never fill up this one with the type of computing I do.

I want to keep it simple - my thoughts are say, 80GB for / and the rest for /home.  I've read that SSD's don't get on with swap so would I need a swap partition at all with 8GB RAM?

Thanks in advance


General Help & Advice / Re: LIBRE OFFICE why no upgrade
« on: April 17, 2019, 05:41:52 pm »
Thanks for your input.  Each new version has better MS Office integration.

All our clients even the Mac users use MS Office and there can be issues opening files.

I would like to be able to ditch using MS Office for external communications but LO just not 100% reliable.

Hmmm...... I send various documents to colleagues on Windows using Libre and save in the appropriate format (.doc, .docx, xls etc) and that seems to work ok? At least they haven't come back to me saying they can't read 'em.   ;)

General Help & Advice / Re: LIBRE OFFICE why no upgrade
« on: April 17, 2019, 08:42:34 am »
Hi - in my experience Mint can take a while to update any aspect due to it's policy of ensuring stability and compatibility.  Newer versions of software can - and do - screw with your system if installed from ppa's so be aware of that and research thoroughly before you go down that route.

I found this -

and this -

which may be of some help?

Do you have a particular need to update it?  Chances are you wouldn't really notice any difference apart from cosmetically.  Anyway, be careful!



General Help & Advice / Re: PC Self-build v Custom Build
« on: April 16, 2019, 05:35:30 pm »
Hi Mark

I've done as thorough a search as I can on all aspects of my proposed build and here is my definitive list - I've split it into 2 suppliers as it offers best price v availability.

Scan Computers:

Case - Value CiT Jetstream with 500W PSU
Mobo - ASrock H310M-HDV
Keyboard - Logitech K120    Total cost (collected) = £112.03


CPU - Intel Core i3-8100 Coffee Lake
RAM - Corsair Vengeance LPX Black 2666 (2x4GB)
SSD - Crucial MX500 3DNAND  =  £208.18  (assume free delivery)

Total  =  £320.21

This compares with over £500 for Scan to build similar.  All other UK builders I could find are more expensive again.

I'd appreciate your thoughts and whether I've missed anything obvious? 

Thanks again


General Help & Advice / Re: PC Self-build v Custom Build
« on: April 12, 2019, 04:57:56 pm »
I'll see what I can find about those options tomorrow Rich .. busy day today I'm afraid :)

No rush!   ;)

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