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Messages - Rich J

Apparently so, though there would possibly be a speed penalty as a USB's read/write capability is way slower than that of a HDD.  Also, if memory serves, USB's read/writes have limited capacity as well as the danger of corruption if they become disconnected whilst in use.  A Google search will bring up lots of info on this  ;)
Linux Support / Re: MAJOR problems
February 23, 2022, 08:40:54 AM
Corrupted filesystems can happen, but not often, provided the correct steps are followed.  Did you download your .iso via wi-fi or wired?  Wired is better.  Did you do the MD5 checksum to ensure the numbers matched?  You don't say how you installed Linux either.......?

Using Wine, especially for a beginner, can be fraught with problems.  Perhaps take time to get used to your new operating system before trying the more advanced stuff?
Linux Support / Re: Can I have some advice please?
February 14, 2022, 04:59:44 PM
For my two penn'orth, you are welcome!

Just a thought - as 'dual-booting' has been mentioned and you are new to Linux - rather than go that route first-off, which can be a bit daunting for a newbie, is there a chance for you to acquire another machine?  Perhaps a family member or friend has an unused laptop gathering dust?  A loan machine from work maybe?

If so, it might be better to start afresh with a stand-alone where you can install a fresh copy of your chosen distro, play with it, make mistakes, (you will!) all the time protecting your work machine from harm.  Once you feel competent, then you can wipe your Windows lappie and install Linux on that.

Linux will run happily alongside Windows and 'see' its files - sadly the opposite isn't true.  In order to dual-boot, it is critical that the installation steps are carried out to the letter, which is ok if followed, but one mis-step can screw the whole lot and you're getting deep into data recovery and so on.  I'm not trying to scare you here, nor put you off Linux, just speaking from my own experiences!  Linux is such a good system - you can go from the full-blown 'all bells and whistles' distro, all the way down to something that is so light, it fits easily on to a USB stick, lives in your pocket, plugs into any computer with a USB drive, does your work then, when unplugged, leaves no footprint.  Infinitely adaptable.

You're correct in that .exe files will not run in Linux and some people install an emulator to cope with this.  Not really a good idea security-wise, in my opinion.  The idea is to get away from the colander that is Windows and use the sealed container that is Linux!  If you do need to send files from Linux to Windows, Linux has a neat trick which (from memory) Windows doesn't have, or didn't the last time I used it (many years ago).  A simple example -

In Linux, let's say you produce a letter using Libre Office Writer. It saves with a .odt suffix.  You attach it to an email and send to your friend who can't open it.  They complain!  You simply right-click on the closed document icon, left-click on rename and replace the .odt bit with .doc or .docx.  Linux automatically re-formats the document which then can be read by Windows.  Neat - re-send, job done.   Of course, you would only do this once - for future documents, you simply save it as .doc or whatever, Linux does that too!

I've never used music or video software of any kind so can't comment if similar tricks are available but suspect that many will have a universal format (like PDF's have) that can be read by anything.

Good luck with your new adventure!


Linux Support / Re: Can I have some advice please?
February 13, 2022, 12:28:46 PM
Hi Helen and a belated welcome to the forum from me!  I'm Rich (in name only :() one of the helpers on here.

A few years ago, I was exactly where you are now and was asking the same questions.  I, too went through the process of trying out various versions of Linux before settling on Mint and I've stuck with it ever since.  The change from Windows, for me, was really borne out of frustration that, here I was spending loads of money, only to find further down the road that I didn't really own anything, I was merely a licensee (a renter) of the software I'd 'purchased', that I couldn't modify it to suit my circumstances nor pass it on when I'd tired of it.  And every so often, said software was made redundant and I'd need to 'upgrade' to the next 'best thing' in order to keep up!  Changing to Linux completely altered that scenario. 

Without going into too much detail, (there's plenty around the 'net if you wish to find it) what you have to remember is that Microsoft is a commercial company dedicated to making money - and credit to them - they've been very good at it!  Linux isn't a company - in fact isn't an entity at all - it's an association of like-minded people who collaborate to produce an operating system, or distro (short for distribution) in varying guises, that is free to use, add to, delete from, modify and change for other versions and pass on to others without any recourse to licences* or permissions or payment.  Crazy notion, eh?  (I bet that went down well on your side of the pond!!)  From the start, Linux was and still is, designed to be secure, so no need for antiviruses and the like - a simple (included) firewall will suffice.  So, where to start?

Ok, there will a learning curve but it's nothing like it was back in the day and reading what you have written and the way you express yourself, I believe that you will cope with it very well.

Firstly, jot down the items that you use the most to keep a focus on what you require from your operating system.  We are all different and you will end up with a distro that will be unique to you - another crazy notion - and it's easy to get bogged down if you're not careful as there is sooooo much choice out there!

Then, read up a bit on the various distros which already contain the bulk of the software you need.  No one may have everything you require but - as already stated - it is easy to add in more software later.  Distros may be designed by a single individual or by teams of up to hundreds and tend to reflect what they consider important - so bear that in mind too - you can change anything you like later for a more suitable alternative.

I would advise that, in the short-term, stick to a distro that is more 'mainstream' in that it has more users, will be more rounded and polished and there will be a larger 'pool' of advice to draw from.  ;)

As said, my preference has always been Mint (and even then I'm not on the very latest version) and one last point - given your system specs, should you choose Mint, go for the MATE (pronounced MAR-TAY) version over Cinnamon.  MATE is less resource-hungry and is more 'Windows'-like in appearance which does help the new user when first migrating.

Hope this helps, take your time and come back with as many queries as you like - all questions are valid!


EDIT: * Google GNU License for info on this.
Hi - and welcome to the forum!

Your pal who installed Ubuntu - is he well versed in Unix-type operating systems?  Generally, Linux is reasonably easy to install, even for the novice, but, depending on the computer it's going on may raise issues ........

If you have been using Windows for this long, I doubt you would have too much trouble with Linux - once installed correctly - and that includes your specific circumstances.

Me being a cynic, I imagine your friendly computer shop has a vested interest in keeping you on Windows, after all they can charge for their services as well as any further support, can't they?  Why would they help you with a free operating system?

Modern Linux OS's are very polished, user friendly and packed with software that is completely free for you to use, modify and distribute and would serve you well going forward.  Windows software will not work on Linux but there are plenty of alternatives available which are as good, if not better, than MS products, especially with the more 'mainstream' distributions.

As a first step, can you post the make, model and specs of your laptop?  Also, what you use your computer for?  General internet surfing, documents, photos, video editing etc. etc?


Linux Support / Re: Keyboard and mouse problems
November 06, 2021, 07:58:03 AM
Quote from: mikep on November 05, 2021, 11:21:32 PM
Thanks Keith,

I disabled Adblock Plus for the CCL site and things got a bit better, as in links actually working, but now I keep getting 'page not found' errors. I find it hard to see that as anything but shoddy website design/maintenance.

When I said "That makes me worry about Linux compatibility.." I meant with CCL's systems. They seem very Microsoft-centric. Maybe David was just lucky that his works...

Try clearing your browser history and cache and re-send the request to the site. 

A computer build - bare-bones - is just that.  The architecture will accept any operating system installed upon it.  The fact that CCL are Microsoft-biased just means they won't be able to advise on the OS installed as they don't support Linux (their loss!) but there is plenty of support online, both here and a thousand other places.  ;)  A look at my own build specs might help .......


THanks for keeping your instructions simple.... I need that ;-)  No problem!

It's an 2007 Dell XPS 210 with Vista (service pack 2)
Is this what you are after?  Yes, and I have a Dell laptop of that vintage that runs Linux Lite perfectly well

Processor    Intel(R) Core(TM)2 CPU 6600 @ 2.40GHz
Memory (RAM)    2.00 GB     My laptop has less RAM than yours
Graphics    Radeon X1300 Series (Microsoft Corporation - WDDM)   
Gaming graphics    1019 MB Total available graphics memory   
Primary hard disk    727GB Free (932GB Total)   
Windows Vista (TM) Home Premium  My laptop was ex- XP

     Manufacturer    Dell Inc.
     Model    Dell DXC061
     Total amount of system memory    2.00 GB RAM
     System type    32-bit operating system
     Number of processor cores    2
     64-bit capable    Yes   That's what I was looking for - 64-bit gives you many more options
     Total size of hard disk(s)    932 GB
     Disk partition (C:)    727 GB Free (932 GB Total)
     Media drive (D:)    CD/DVD
     Display adapter type    Radeon X1300 Series (Microsoft Corporation - WDDM)
     Total available graphics memory    1019 MB
           Dedicated graphics memory    256 MB
           Dedicated system memory    0 MB
           Shared system memory    763 MB
     Display adapter driver version
     Primary monitor resolution    1680x1050
     DirectX version    DirectX 9.0 or better
Modify Message

Ok - one step at a time and don't worry about how to do it, we on here can walk you through the steps  ;)

My advice would be to pick any 'lightweight' 64-bit version of Linux you fancy and burn it to disk and/or USB stick.  (It depends on whether your laptop has an optical drive (DVD player) or not - if yes, I'd go for burning it to disk as, in my experience, Dell laptops can sometimes be fiddly when trying to boot from a USB). 

Once the Linux medium has been sorted and the laptop BIOS arranged to boot from it, then you can 'try before you buy'**, if you see what I mean?  On boot, you can opt to try out the OS for as long as you like before installing it - a very useful feature and if you don't like the look of it, simply repeat the process with another distro and go again.  CAVEAT:  Any distro will run more slowly from disk/USB than when installed.  This is not a fault of Linux but of the reduced capabilities of the disk/USB compared to a HDD.  Once installed, I guarantee you will be amazed at the speed at which Linux runs - and a damned sight faster than Vista ever did  ;)

**This is just a figure of speech, of course.  If you choose to go the DIY route (and why not - it's not too difficult to do and it's a great learning experience as well) then the cost is zero - or minimal if you need to purchase a re-writable DVD or USB stick.

Have a trawl through the distros and come back when you are ready to go!

Good luck!

Quote from: Atlantia on November 01, 2021, 01:08:24 PM
Hi All,

I'm looking to move to Linux based OS's on my home PC's and I want to start (dip a toe in the water) with my slightly venerable desktop!

I've never used a linux based OS before and although Im not a total PC novice, Im no means a tech savy I.T specialist either.
So instalation and set-up needs to be straightforwards and idiot proof.
I need basic PC features, a lot of web surfing, some word processing and basic photo/image editing.

My PC is pretty old and the spec is:
Processor: Intel Core 2 6600 @ 2.4Ghz
Ram: 2.00 GB
System Type: 32 Bit Operating System
Hard Drive: 1 TB

I was looking at Ubuntu or Mint, but I'm not sure they'll work with my older 32 bit architecture?

If anyone can  point me to a good (100% free) OS that would suit, I'd be grateful.

Can you post exactly what you are running at the moment?  Brand, operating system etc? If it's Windows it should be found via Start/Settings/System/About - or similar.   ;)
Quote from: Tramlink on September 21, 2021, 01:50:02 PM
Hi to all

Because there is a windows laptop on the LAN I use samba to share files on all computers on the LAN.

Also noticed that if I try to open the network shares on the peppermint laptop it asks for a password and the user name and password for the computer is rejected.

Hi - I've never used Samba so can't comment on it - however - reading this


prompts the thought......  is it the 'Samba' password that is required, rather than the computer username/password etc? Particularly the section about 'Adding password-secured shares'?  As I say, just a thought and ignore if it's off beam.
Linux Support / Re: Booting Linux mint
September 12, 2021, 08:16:16 AM
TC  - you are probably correct that Mint Cinnamon is too much for your rig to handle.  It is the premier version within the Mint family and requires a fair amount of RAM to deal with all it's 'bells and whistles'. 

But don't despair - if you wish to continue with Mint (and I'm assuredly a fan) then consider switching to Mint Mate, (pronounced mar-tay) version (just as good in my opinion with a more 'classical' appearance and the one I use) or Mint XFCE (stripped down version of Mint but still fully functional).  Other, lightweight versions of Linux are available, of course, Puppy being one of them and do work well.  The reason I've stayed with Mint is it's polish and stability, ease of use and, more importantly it's user base - ergo the potential 'pool' of advice is huge if things do go awry - rare, but it does happen.

For more info, take a look here - https://linuxmint.com/about.php

Linux Support / Re: Booting Linux mint
September 11, 2021, 07:52:49 AM
Quote from: Keith on September 10, 2021, 03:45:55 PM
Don't worry about the time difference:  you can always change that under "Settings". 

Now that you have installed Mint, ensure that the USB stick is removed before booting.  Your machine will try to boot from the first device listed in the "Boot Order" you have set but as the USB stick is absent will try the next device in the boot list (often the DVD) and failing that it will try your HDD where, indeed, you have put the operating system.  In other words, just boot without a Live USB or Live DVD inserted and all will be fine.

If you ever want to try another OS, then booting with an appropriate Live USB or Live DVD inserted will display that OS (as long as you click on "Try without installing"!). 

Quote.... can use that USB stick as a portable device to override any other software on any other computer?
Yes;  your Live USB can be used to install Mint on any other computer.

Do let us know how you get on with your new Mint.


And the same Live USB can be used to diagnose and repair your OS should anything go wrong with it - a very useful function indeed.  ;)
For my part, you're welcome!

In my own experience, changing exclusively to Linux (in my case Mint) has made no practical difference at all.  Only on a couple of occasions have I 'needed' Windows (to update a device - my golf range-finder, as it happens!) and that due to the manufacturer's firmware rather than any shortcomings with Mint.  Five minutes on daughter's laptop sorted that one out - and that's in over ten years of using Linux!  In all other respects, Linux allows me to do everything I want to without the constant hassle I used to get with Windows.  No contest, really.

Glad you got it sorted  :)

You may also find these articles helpful -

https://www.zdnet.com/article/installing-linux-on-a-pc-with-uefi-firmware-a-refresher/  and this


I trust you have saved a copy of your 'one time password'  somewhere........?

Edit:  If the above doesn't work, I suggest a re-install of Ubuntu and a disabling of 'secure boot' when prompted (or switching to 'legacy mode' if available)  ;)
Linux Support / Re: Mint won't update - out of memory?
August 30, 2021, 07:21:38 AM
Quote from: chrissymac234 on August 29, 2021, 02:47:28 PM
Hi Rich

Thanks again for taking the time to help me.

I followed all your instructions and everything was good until the refresh. Unfortunately, the error message is still there.

Hopefully you will have something else I can try? If not, I'm very grateful for your help.


PS It has this error message:

An error occurred during the signature verification. The repository is not updated and the previous index files will be used. GPG error: https://repo.skype.com/deb stable InRelease: The following signatures were invalid: EXPKEYSIG 1F3045A5DF7587C3 Skype Linux Client Repository <[email protected]>Repository 'http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security InRelease' changed its 'Suite' value from 'focal-backports' to 'focal-security'Repository 'http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security InRelease' changed its default priority for apt_preferences(5) from 100 to 500.


I've had my first update and it worked perfectly. Thank you so much!

You're welcome - it's great you've got it sorted.   ;)

Can you mark your post as 'Solved' as it may help others in the future with similar problems? Go to your original post, click on  'Modify' and then in the title box of your post.  Add 'Solved' at the end of the line.

For info:  As the error message is about a Skype module then I'd say don't worry about it as it isn't something critical to the OS. Do you use Skype - and does it still work ok?  If you don't, you can remove it via Synaptic PM.  If you do, wait a while and see if the Skype (or Mint) developers update the software (or more likely, certificates) and the issue will likely resolve itself.