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Messages - Rich J

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I am using arch Linux with the kde-plasma desktop environment.

When installing packages using pamac (package manager) I reach download speeds of around 25 mib/s but when using a web browser such as fire fox I reach download speeds of about 2 mib/s.

Why is this happening?

Try a different browser such as Chromium and see if the speeds differ.  If so, consider 'cleaning up' Firefox (see here - section 6 onwards.  When testing, remember to use the same utility (e.g: and the same destination to maintain integrity of results.

I entered the command:
sudo apt install nvidia-cuda-toolkit libnvidia-encode1

After restarting linux, it got stuck on:
Listening on load/save rf switch status /dev/rfkill watch
I waited a long time and forcibly restarted it

Linux startup now stops at:
Started GNOME Display Manager

Linux Debian

Have you tried removing the offending software?  Boot with the installation medium, if you have it and open a Terminal.  Try entering "sudo apt remove nvidia-cuda-toolkit libnvidia-encode1" and then restart.  Does the system boot then?

Printing problems are not confined to Linux - try 'googling' printer problems in Windows......... ;)

Keith is correct.  Manufacturers generally don't support Linux very well so it's down to the community to provide driver software, which they do, for free......  On top of that, there are so many different models by so many manufactures that require specific drivers per model so it's not surprising that some types slip through the net and give problems.  A good rule of thumb before purchase, is to research makes and models with specific reference to Linux then most issues can be avoided.  I speak from experience!  I blind bought a Samsung colour laser that played up constantly and was also a devil to refill with toner (a particular bugbear of mine) before switching to a Brother laser - much more user-friendly and worked straight out of the box.  A little forethought on my part would have saved me years of hassle and lots of cash!  ;)

As for Linux - I too am into it over 10yrs and counting and, while there have been glitches (mostly of my own, ham-fisted making), my issues have been very few and far between.  I did the rounds of distro's before settling on Mint which I find suits my needs perfectly.  I am by no stretch a 'boffin', just an average user who gives thanks that there are 'boffins' out there who generously give of their time and expertise to provide a remarkable, safe and secure operating system that has cost me nothing at all.  Any quirks I might encounter are a small price to pay, weighed against that.  Not having a go, just my opinion .....

Ubuntu / Re: NTFS partition on Ubuntu
« on: April 28, 2021, 08:47:47 am »
Hi Rich J,
I did not specify NTFS when I originally installed Ubuntu.  I have important documents on this drive that I would like to keep.  I have 3 hard drives on my PC, one 500gb SSD which has Ubuntu installed which is the one with the important data on it, 1 250gb ssd which has Windows 10 installed on it and a regular dard drive that has an old version of Ubuntu on it (Gparted is on this drive and that is how I got the screen shot).
Would I be able to use Gparted to convert the NTFS partition on the 500gb SSD to Ext4? 
Failing that what are my other options?
Many thanks

Short answer to this is - I don't know!  I suspect it will be possible but what it will do to the data thereon.........? 

My way would be to copy off the relevant data to an external source (DVD or USB stick), or clone the drive if you have the know-how and then attempt to repair Grub.  If repairing Grub fails, then a clean re-install of Ubuntu to the 500Gb drive would do it.  On reinstall, remember to apply updates first, then update Grub.  This *should* find all the drives and list them at start-up for you to choose from.  When running Windows and Linux together, whether as a dual-boot on one drive or on separate drives, it is always the case to install Windows first, then Linux.  Windows boot loader will over-write settings and will not 'see' Linux, whereas Grub will 'see' all.

When repairing Grub, it is imperative to know where the bootloader files lie and as you have 2 drives with versions of Ubuntu on you need to repair Grub on that one.  ;)  Again, it may be the case that a simple update of grub will do the trick but get those important files copied first anyway - it's always best practice and regular backing up should be a given to guard against this sort of thing happening in the future.


EDIT:  +1 for the advice from Keith above.

Ubuntu / Re: NTFS partition on Ubuntu
« on: April 27, 2021, 10:13:35 am »
Hi, and welcome to the forum.

It may be that Windows installer has taken over from Grub therefore does not 'see' Ubuntu.  Also (from my memory) Ubuntu installs using Ext4 - did you specify NTFS when you installed it?  And is there important stuff on Ubuntu?  If you delete those partitions you will lose all data on them and you will need to reinstall from the beginning.

If you can access GParted, you must have the Ubuntu installation medium, so there are options as to what to try to recover Ubuntu.

Ubuntu / Re: Partitions
« on: March 31, 2021, 08:56:02 pm »
Hi Guys,

I am running Ubuntu 20.04.2 LTS, GNOME version 3.36.8 on my desktop PC, my wife wants me to install Windows as she doesn't like using Ubuntu.  I have a Samsung 850 Evo 250gGB SSD connected and can be found in the boot menu (see attachment), as you can see I also have a Samsung 850 Evo 500GB hard drive which I am running Ubuntu on.  I also have a very old Hard drive attached, ST500DM002- 1BD142 (TOO slow to run Windows on).  However when I look at my drives in Ubuntu (see attachment), it does not show the 250GB SSD, I can only assume that the partition is faulty or corrupted in some way.  Can someone suggest software that can delete the partitions and set a new one that I can install Windows on. I know this is not a normal Ubuntu question, but if I cannot get the 250GB drive to work then my wife will insist on me removing Ubuntu (as she does not want me to spend any more money on a new SSD). 

OK, found Gparted and it found the 250GB SSD, it shows 232.88 unknown and 1.12 unallocated (see attachment).  Do I just delete the unknown partition and increase the 1.12 allocated?

Hi Jokerman - you can run separate OS's on separate drives.  I did it a few years back when I first began with Linux and had one version of Linux Mint on one HDD as master and a later version of Mint (used for trialling before adoption as main OS) on a second, slave drive.  This worked well as I could leave my *main* OS alone while I played about with my *trial* OS - and make mistakes, safe in the knowledge that I wasn't screwing up my work system.  I don't see any reason why this method wouldn't work with Windows/Linux also but I've never tried it with SSD's so the master/slave thing may be different, or not used at all.  I do suggest you do a bit of 'Googling' on the subject before you make any changes.  As far as I remember, Gparted found both drives and Grub listed both options to choose from on startup.

When dual-booting (both OS's on one drive) you must install Windows first, then Linux.  This is because Grub will find both OS's and allow the options - Windows bootloader will overwrite Grub, hence will not be able to 'see' Linux.

I'm with your wife regarding Ubuntu - I didn't like it either!  I switched to Mint and have been using it for years - as is my wife - and she was definitely spooked about changing from Windows!!  It is more 'familiar' in appearance to Windows so newbies often seem to prefer it, for that reason.  Why not  take a look?


Ubuntu / Re: Viewer app for read xml files of Fiscal Notes
« on: March 31, 2021, 09:01:16 am »
There's a utility already in Mint - try this -

Menu/Administration/Synaptic Package Manager.  Click on it and search for basex. Follow the prompts to install it then open the file in question. (From memory, right click on the file and choose *open with* and basex should appear in the list.)  You can set it to always open this type of file with basex.

hope this helps,


General Help & Advice / Re: installing Linux Mint
« on: March 24, 2021, 09:07:26 am »
Keith and Rich,
I got my 802.11N 150Mbps wireless adapter this morning and plugged in the USB bit and the tiny DVD and it almost immediately recognised my broadband connection and I was for the first time able to see a webpage on the M70. Do I have to keep both in all the time now?
Now the Toshiba Satellite M70 hardware is not supported by Google Chrome so I wasn't able to properly download that so I just have a very, very slow Bing browser.
I am minded to use that laptop as a replacement screen for the broken screen on my Toshiba Satellite C50 in the fullness of time.
What effect would putting Linux on my computer have?
Could I, for instance, get it to run faster?
Also, what browser would I be able to use on Linux?
I am keen to abandon Google and MSoft because of privacy issues.

** No, just the Edimax adapter.  If you leave the mini disk in the player all the time, on start-up the bios will likely look at it first for the operating system boot files and won't find any, therefore throwing up an error.  The mini DVD just contains instructions on how to set the Edimax up and as you have found, it works straight out of the box!

So, to be clear,
1 - the M70 is still running Windows and you are now wishing to install a suitable Linux distribution as a replacement?
2 - we need to know the M70 system specs  (see here on how to find them -  Copy/paste the results into your reply - I assume you are accessing this website via the M70?
3 - Changing to Linux will give you an enhanced computing experience!  It will run faster and more reliably and you will have a selection of browsers to choose from, though the native version that ships with the distro is usually good enough.  One caveat!  You mentioned watching YouTube videos?  Video rendering is heavily RAM dependent - in other words the more memory, the better videos run.  The M70 in original form doesn't have much RAM so it would be wise to check if an upgrade (i.e. increase) in RAM is feasible. On the M70, take a look here - and see what it recommends.

Once we know the exact capabilities of the M70, we will be in a better position to advise you  ;)


General Help & Advice / Re: installing Linux Mint
« on: March 18, 2021, 01:58:44 pm »
Rich and Keith,
Thanks for your advice.
It is putting lipstick on a pig as the Toshiba Satellite M70 is very old and slow. Currently it will not connect to internet at all on Microsoft Windows 8 due to not connecting through WAN Miniport (PPPOE) Error 651. It seems to be a modem issue in the machine itself (it keeps re-dialling for a connection and failing) and this may make the job impossible anyway?
I have wanted to try Linux for a long time due to various issues with MSoft. I like that it is free and also that it hopefully might be faster, smoother and have fewer regular updates I don't agree to, be more private, autonomous and less intrusive without linking me up with products I don't want. I read that it would speed up tired old laptops like the M70 so thought I'd give it a go.
I'm happy to download and boot whichever system is best for the M70 in your opinion to make it serviceable mainly for just browsing the web and watching You Tube films.
The one I have put on the D Drive is the basic Mint, I think, but I can delete that and download another.
I would first want to remove Microsoft Windows 8 from it altogether and install Linux mainly to see how it works and if I get on with it if that is possible.
The BIOS system on the M70 is likely to be old too.

*** I had the same problem on one of my laptops too - the wireless firmware was so out-of-date it wouldn't work with modern wireless standards and there was no firmware update available to correct it.  However, I found this - Edimax 150Mbps Wireless IEEE802.11b/g/n nano USB Adapter EW-7811Un, plugged it in and it fired up straight away.  As I remember, it didn't cost much.  It may be worth you trying one of these (pre-Linux install) to see if it will work on your laptop - if it works with Windows it should work with Linux.  Mine is still working fine on the laptop and as an added bonus, it works on my desktop rig too - useful if my cable connection ever plays up.  ;)

General Help & Advice / Re: installing Linux Mint
« on: March 17, 2021, 04:22:48 pm »
Hi Rich J,
Thanks for your reply.
I downloaded Linux Mint onto the D drive on laptop one.
I am talking about two laptops.
Number one has the Linux Mint on the D drive and I have to put that on laptop two on the BIOS.
I thought that the best way to do that would be to download it onto the flash drive then put the flash drive into laptop two.
The file I have is MD5SUMS 33KB with second called READMEdiskdefines with 1KB.

Simply downloading to either medium will not boot.  You have to burn the iso image to disk/flash drive in order to make it bootable. 

Are you looking to completely replace Windows with Mint on the Toshiba?  That model is an old one with low RAM which you might possibly upgrade a bit but it still won't have much by modern standards - also depending on whether suitable RAM is still available.  *I draw your attention to the edit in my last reply - which version of Mint are you looking at running?  There are many 'lite' versions of Linux that will successfully run on old equipment - I have 2 laptops of similar age that run Linux Lite very well but would not run the full Mint properly.  Perhaps it would make life easier if you could tell us what you're trying to achieve in changing to Linux and what your usage would be, then we could give you more accurate advice?   ;)

General Help & Advice / Re: installing Linux Mint
« on: March 16, 2021, 01:29:04 pm »
Hi Garry and welcome to the forum.

Before we begin, how did Linux Mint get on to your DVD?  Did you download it to, copy it to or did you burn it to to the disc? (This is important)

And what is the purpose of the 64GB flash drive?  Are you wanting to install Mint from that?  (*Usually* Mint can be installed from either DVD or Flash drive - but not always..... it depends on the BIOS set-up of the machine - but we will get to that later)  ;)

EDIT:  And which version of Mint are you looking at?  Cinnamon is fairly 'heavyweight', Mate a bit less so and XFCE is very light on resources.  Depending upon your system specs will pretty much govern which version will work best for you.

General Help & Advice / Re: Linux Mint installation
« on: February 17, 2021, 08:00:56 am »
+1 for Keith's advice!

Remember to back up your important files on D Drive before you do anything else......... ;)

Ubuntu / Re: PIA
« on: February 10, 2021, 02:53:31 pm »
You might also try clearing the Firefox cache and browsing history in case it is picking up an incorrect entry.  You can choose which elements to delete.

See here -


General Discussion / Re: Computer Not Shutting Off
« on: February 07, 2021, 09:11:54 am »
At one point I was using live CDs of Hiren's Recovery Boot CD and at least two other Linux distros - this, without having a HDD attached at all, in order to see if it was the HDD that was causing the problem.  So, the answer is really that I had, at one time, no installed OS on the computer.  The original OS, I believe, was Win XP.  (I booted Hiren's (x86) up with both the Mini XP and the Linux recovery.  Neither solved the problem.)

And the computer?  Make, model, specs etc?

The OS. This is a custom version of Linux that has been made for this specific device and no other Linux works correctly.

Well I find that rather puzzling .........  Please post Make, Model and system specs - using the code below - of your computer so we have a clear idea of what you have.  ;)

Code: [Select]
sudo lshw

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