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Messages - Rich J

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Linux Support / Re: Log in requested for samba shares in Peppermint
« on: September 21, 2021, 08:42:49 pm »
Hi to all

Because there is a windows laptop on the LAN I use samba to share files on all computers on the LAN.

Also noticed that if I try to open the network shares on the peppermint laptop it asks for a password and the user name and password for the computer is rejected.

Hi - I've never used Samba so can't comment on it - however - reading this

prompts the thought......  is it the 'Samba' password that is required, rather than the computer username/password etc? Particularly the section about 'Adding password-secured shares'?  As I say, just a thought and ignore if it's off beam.

Linux Support / Re: Booting Linux mint
« on: September 12, 2021, 08:16:16 am »
TC  - you are probably correct that Mint Cinnamon is too much for your rig to handle.  It is the premier version within the Mint family and requires a fair amount of RAM to deal with all it's 'bells and whistles'. 

But don't despair - if you wish to continue with Mint (and I'm assuredly a fan) then consider switching to Mint Mate, (pronounced mar-tay) version (just as good in my opinion with a more 'classical' appearance and the one I use) or Mint XFCE (stripped down version of Mint but still fully functional).  Other, lightweight versions of Linux are available, of course, Puppy being one of them and do work well.  The reason I've stayed with Mint is it's polish and stability, ease of use and, more importantly it's user base - ergo the potential 'pool' of advice is huge if things do go awry - rare, but it does happen.

For more info, take a look here -


Linux Support / Re: Booting Linux mint
« on: September 11, 2021, 07:52:49 am »
Don't worry about the time difference:  you can always change that under "Settings". 

Now that you have installed Mint, ensure that the USB stick is removed before booting.  Your machine will try to boot from the first device listed in the "Boot Order" you have set but as the USB stick is absent will try the next device in the boot list (often the DVD) and failing that it will try your HDD where, indeed, you have put the operating system.  In other words, just boot without a Live USB or Live DVD inserted and all will be fine.

If you ever want to try another OS, then booting with an appropriate Live USB or Live DVD inserted will display that OS (as long as you click on "Try without installing"!). 

.... can use that USB stick as a portable device to override any other software on any other computer?
Yes;  your Live USB can be used to install Mint on any other computer.

Do let us know how you get on with your new Mint.


And the same Live USB can be used to diagnose and repair your OS should anything go wrong with it - a very useful function indeed.  ;)

For my part, you're welcome!

In my own experience, changing exclusively to Linux (in my case Mint) has made no practical difference at all.  Only on a couple of occasions have I 'needed' Windows (to update a device - my golf range-finder, as it happens!) and that due to the manufacturer's firmware rather than any shortcomings with Mint.  Five minutes on daughter's laptop sorted that one out - and that's in over ten years of using Linux!  In all other respects, Linux allows me to do everything I want to without the constant hassle I used to get with Windows.  No contest, really.

Glad you got it sorted  :)


Linux Support / Re: Can not change boot order on dual boot laptop.
« on: September 08, 2021, 08:20:45 am »
You may also find these articles helpful -  and this

I trust you have saved a copy of your 'one time password'  somewhere........?

Edit:  If the above doesn't work, I suggest a re-install of Ubuntu and a disabling of 'secure boot' when prompted (or switching to 'legacy mode' if available)  ;)

Linux Support / Re: Mint won't update - out of memory?
« on: August 30, 2021, 07:21:38 am »
Hi Rich

Thanks again for taking the time to help me.

I followed all your instructions and everything was good until the refresh. Unfortunately, the error message is still there.

Hopefully you will have something else I can try? If not, I'm very grateful for your help.


PS It has this error message:

An error occurred during the signature verification. The repository is not updated and the previous index files will be used. GPG error: stable InRelease: The following signatures were invalid: EXPKEYSIG 1F3045A5DF7587C3 Skype Linux Client Repository <[email protected]>Repository ' focal-security InRelease' changed its 'Suite' value from 'focal-backports' to 'focal-security'Repository ' focal-security InRelease' changed its default priority for apt_preferences(5) from 100 to 500.


I've had my first update and it worked perfectly. Thank you so much!

You're welcome - it's great you've got it sorted.   ;)

Can you mark your post as 'Solved' as it may help others in the future with similar problems? Go to your original post, click on  'Modify' and then in the title box of your post.  Add 'Solved' at the end of the line.

For info:  As the error message is about a Skype module then I'd say don't worry about it as it isn't something critical to the OS. Do you use Skype - and does it still work ok?  If you don't, you can remove it via Synaptic PM.  If you do, wait a while and see if the Skype (or Mint) developers update the software (or more likely, certificates) and the issue will likely resolve itself.

Linux Support / Re: Mint won't update - out of memory?
« on: August 29, 2021, 08:04:03 am »
Hi Rich

Thank you for your help. I have followed all your steps but I'm not yet sure if the problem is sorted. When I refreshed the Update Manager, I got this message:

"Could not download all repository indexes

The repository may no longer be available or could not be contacted because of network problems. If available, an older version of the failed index will be used. Otherwise, the repository will be ignored. Check your network connection and ensure the repository address is correct in 'Repositories' under 'Settings'."

Then it goes on to say I'm up to date. Again, I don't know what this means. Perhaps I'll need to wait until an update is needed?

Thanks again.


You're welcome!

It looks like it's worked as it states you are now up to date.  The error message refers to a repository that it has tried to contact but has failed for some reason.  Either the software stored there has been ignored for the time being or it has found it somewhere else and installed from there.

Try this - Go to Menu/Administration/Synaptic Package Manager. (This is what Update Manager actually does for you when you fire it up  ;))

Key in your password and authenticate.  You now have Superuser privileges. 

Click on Edit and look down the list for 'Fix broken packages'.  Click on that.  Look at the very bottom of the box and the message "Successfully fixed dependency problems!" should appear.

Then click Edit again and click on "Reload Package Information".  When that finishes, close Synaptic.

Hopefully the error message should disappear.

Edit:  Also - click on Update Manager and hit 'Refresh'.  If a tick appears, you are good to go.

Linux Support / Re: Mint won't update - out of memory?
« on: August 28, 2021, 08:17:46 pm »
Hi - and welcome to the forum.  This has also happened to me in the past and can be scary!  It's possible that Mint has run out of storage space to install the updated software, hence the error message.  One solution may be the following -

When you get notifications of updates (via the Update Manager - the shield icon), have you ever noticed 'new kernels' in the list?  They appear now and then in amongst the other, general stuff.  It's important that these kernels are installed as they are literally the heart of the system and ensure that security is kept up to date.  Now Mint, for some reason known only to the developers, retains all of the old kernels and stores them on your system and eventually the partition they are on becomes full.  It's then up to you, the user to remove them. Other OS's, I believe, don't do this and remove older, redundant kernels automatically.  It's pretty straightforward to do but..... YOU HAVE TO BE CAREFUL!

If you wish to try, follow the method below that I use periodically but please read it through fully before beginning!

Click on the shield icon to open Update Manager, then on 'View/Linux Kernels.  Read the warning notice then hit Continue.

The top line tells you which kernel you are currently using.  Make a note of this. 

Click on the relevant kernel series in the left-hand column. (Mine is currently 4.15) 

You should see that your current kernel is marked 'Active' with the others as 'Installed' and 'Superseded'. (Click on the other series numbers and you will see that some will be marked 'End of Life') 

Any kernel not 'Active' is safe to remove - HOWEVER - it is good practice to keep a couple of kernels in reserve just in case your current one plays up.

To do this, click on the button 'Remove old kernels'.  All of that range will be checked for removal and are listed in descending order, oldest to newest. (Your 'Active' one should NOT be on the list but if it is - UNCHECK IT)  Also, uncheck the bottom 2 in the list - i.e the nearest ones to your current number.

When you are happy with your selection, click on 'Remove old kernels' and leave the system to do it's thing (it may take a while if there are a lot of them to remove).  When Update Manager box reappears, repeat the process for the other kernel series, especially those listed as 'End of Life'.  If no check box appears, they have been removed.

To test all is ok, restart the computer, click on Update Manager then 'Refresh' and ok any updates that appear.  If they install alright, you have cured the issue.

Hope this helps,



Security / Re: Linux in Between
« on: August 27, 2021, 08:18:07 am »
HI Keith,
Thanks for your welcome and advice.

I had (almost) convinced myself the way to go is Linux but, as an aged soul, wonder if I would be biting off more than I could chew.

Anyway, I have a redundant Toshiba laptop available, so might just take the plunge this weekend and see where it takes me.

Thanks again,

And a welcome from me too!

As a (very) silver surfer myself.......  I took the plunge years ago and have never looked back!  In all that time, only on a couple of occasions have I 'needed' Windows, and that because of the device criteria involved, not the shortcomings of Linux!  ;)  If it's any help, my other half, who is as technophobe as you will ever find, uses Linux every day without a worry as to what is going on underneath.  She asks me constantly how to do things, of course, but she did that with Windows so no change there!  The point being, the result is the same as makes no difference between the two systems, it's the way Linux is constructed and works 'under the hood' that is different, and is much more secure and stable than Windows.

With your spare Toshiba, you are in the fortunate position to be able to try out Linux without affecting your main computer.  There, you can learn Linux at your own pace, make mistakes, (as you certainly will), but will be able to (with help) redress any errors you might make - what's not to like?  And for free too........ ;)

If you can post your Toshiba specs and general computing requirements it will give responders a chance to advise on which distro would likely suit you best and how to install and run it successfully.

Hope this helps,


Linux Support / Re: Booting Linux mint
« on: August 26, 2021, 08:25:51 pm »
Yes, it is 146. My mistake. Total memory 1024MB.
It ran Vista Home Premium.  Then it should run 'most' Linux distros ok, albeit the 'heavier' ones may run a little slower (but all will be faster than Vista ever was!)  The governing factor is RAM - the more you have, the faster it runs
My plan is to download the most appropriate Linux programme onto a 64bit memory stick along with Rufus to make it bootable then try to install that in the USB MEMORY option (which appears to me to be the only one of the five options for booting from an external source currently on the machine?) Yes, that's another way to do it but if it will, then the option to install from disk most certainly will be in the menu somewhere, if a DVD player is installed, that is.
A couple of things occur to me:
1, On machines with Windows already installed do you have to completely de-install Windows to make room for Linux and if so how do you do that? No, you can run both alongside each other - it's called 'dual-booting - the Linux installer will automatically allocate the space required.   However........ Windows is notoriously 'bloated' and when installed will take over the whole drive so Linux will 'shrink' the partition that Windows sits on to make room for itself.
Would having two take up double the space?  No, see above. For info - Linux generally has a much smaller footprint than Windows I actually thought that as part of the installation process you were given the option to delete or de-install Windows?  Yes, you do have that option
2, The point you make about 34 bit Cinnamon being time limited quite surprises me. I am motivated to switch from Windows because it is too time limited and persistently requires updates which I have no control over and which I am certain is harvesting data for third parties. You seem to be saying that Cinnamon is time limited too?  No, you misunderstand.  It is 32bit (not 34...) software that is being phased out.  All computers are now 64bit capable and have been for several years. 32bit software will still run on 64bit machines but there will no longer be any development or updating of it.  Simply put, it is now redundant so no point in working on it further.  Also, Linux has regular updates but these are more of refinement and further bolstering an already very secure system.
3, Which version of Linux would be most functional and easiest to install on the Equium l300 - 146 and which would you recommend for me?  Most Linux installs are pretty straightforward these days and it depends on your requirements and what your machine capability is as to version. Even the lightest and most basic of distros have good functionality and a great advantage of Linux is there's a mass of free software available that you can add if you wish.  ;) 

Linux Support / Re: Booting Linux mint
« on: August 24, 2021, 08:58:15 am »
My Toshiba Equium l300-140 which ran Windows Vista home premium has no option in BIOS 1.50 to boot a cd/dvd which I have bought to install Linux mint cinnamon 34 bit. The cd dvd optical drive appears to be built in Toshiba only with no option to boot from my own disc or usb. Can I make this machine bootable from a dvd?

Firstly, can you access the BIOS on start-up?  Toshiba's have various methods, depending on model - you may have to press F2, F8 or F12 to access the menu. Once that opens, there should be a menu available to allow you to boot from a disk.  Try Googling "Toshiba Equium l300-140 bios menu" and try out the various methods listed.

Just for info:  Mint Cinnamon is is quite a 'heavyweight' in the Mint family of distros and your laptop may struggle a bit, depending on the RAM installed.  Also, 32bit is now being gradually phased out in favour of 64bit software - worth checking to see if yours is 64bit capable.  If it is 32bit only, there are other, lighter, versions of Mint (or alternatives to) that will do the job just as well without the 'bells and whistles' of Cinnamon - it depends on your own requirements as to usage.

Hope this helps,


Hardware Compatibility / Re: Fast OS for an Old Laptop
« on: July 24, 2021, 11:50:39 am »

I have an old laptop (Samsung NP-N110) which uses a 1.6GHz Atom N270, 1GB Ram and a 60GB HDD.  I've install a couple of different Linux OSs (currently running is Mint) but all of them seem to be very slow to do anything.  It used to run WinXP (which I know is an older OS compared to the current Linux OSs), but it was very fast with that.  In fact, most of the computers that I install Linux OSs on (even the more modern ones) seem to be very slow at running up the system and apps.  I was always very happy with using the Samsung, but since XP was dropped, I was hoping to install a Linux OS in its place.  Are there any suggestions as to what OS I might run on this?  It needs to be easy to install (I've noticed some Linux OSs are quite complicated); reasonably safe and secure; and will boot up, open and run apps with reasonable speed.  I don't expect the earth, but knowing how the system worked originally, I was hoping for something similar.


Don't give up on Mint!  Take a look here  -  and try out the recommendations.

Failing that you might look here for an alternative -   ;)

Hardware Compatibility / Re: Wifi adaptor not adapting
« on: July 23, 2021, 06:49:04 am »
I'm trying to learn Linux and have installed it on an old Dell laptop. All OK except for the wifi adaptor.

I got the Peppermint Linux in a disc with Linux User magazine; running the OS from the CD as a trial run the adaptor (a USB TP-LINK plug-in) worked straight off, found the local networks, connected to the router and broadband and ran the internet fine.

So then I installed said Peppermint Linux. The adaptor will now see the available networks but will not attach to my home hub.

Any helpful suggestions, please?

It may be that the onboard Dell wireless card is conflicting with the plug-in?  And being 'old', is unable to handle modern wi-fi..... just guessing here....  Try disabling wifi on the Dell, then plug in the adaptor and see if it works ok.  It's possible that, when in 'try-out' mode on the disc, the onboard card was not activated, thus allowing the plug-in to work.  Failing that, you might have to physically disconnect the onboard card to get the plug-in to work - from memory Dell's are often sited under a plate containing the memory sticks also. Remember to reinstate wifi too.  ;)


Hardware Compatibility / Re: Printer install problem
« on: July 10, 2021, 06:52:40 am »

How do you rate Brother printers compared with HP? In particular, does yours print photos well?   
My HP 7612 has just died (probably due to me using a non-HP cartridge that bunged up the works) so I need another printer. 


Can't compare like-for-like as I've not had an HP printer in many years nor can I vouch for photos as the Brother is mono only.  We do very little printing these days, more docs for the wife's duties at the golf club.  Photo printing was always a nightmare, in fact, it's far cheaper and convenient to get it done at our local Morrisons on an ad hoc basis.  That said, compared to the Samsung, the Brother works very well - straight out of the box.

You might find a look at this site would be helpful -

I found these guys some years ago and, as I'm very much a 'make do and mend' sort of person, decided to go the refill route rather than keep paying through the nose for consumables.  That's when I discovered the Samsung was a pig to work with!  The Brother is a doddle in comparison!

They run extensive tests on all sorts of printers to see if their toner works ok so at least it's worth taking a look at their recommendations, whether you decide to buy from them, or not.  ;)

Hope this helps,


Hardware Compatibility / Re: Printer install problem
« on: July 08, 2021, 08:17:44 am »
I used to have a Samsung laser that gave similar issues so you might try this solution provided to me by Mark in 2014 -

Open a terminal and enter the commands one at a time.  The unified driver 'should' work with most models - if it doesn't you may have to manually search for your specific model on the Samsung site.

My experience with Samsung was not  a happy one.  I bought the printer without doing proper research and had issues both with installation and when the time came to renew consumables so eventually switched to a Brother printer.  The Samsung needed a new 'chip' every time the cartridge ran out, the Brother doesn't. 

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