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Messages - Rich J

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Linux Support / Re: Had difficulties changing Operating System
« on: December 07, 2021, 11:34:15 am »
Hi - and welcome to the forum!

Your pal who installed Ubuntu - is he well versed in Unix-type operating systems?  Generally, Linux is reasonably easy to install, even for the novice, but, depending on the computer it's going on may raise issues ........

If you have been using Windows for this long, I doubt you would have too much trouble with Linux - once installed correctly - and that includes your specific circumstances.

Me being a cynic, I imagine your friendly computer shop has a vested interest in keeping you on Windows, after all they can charge for their services as well as any further support, can't they?  Why would they help you with a free operating system?

Modern Linux OS's are very polished, user friendly and packed with software that is completely free for you to use, modify and distribute and would serve you well going forward.  Windows software will not work on Linux but there are plenty of alternatives available which are as good, if not better, than MS products, especially with the more 'mainstream' distributions.

As a first step, can you post the make, model and specs of your laptop?  Also, what you use your computer for?  General internet surfing, documents, photos, video editing etc. etc?


Linux Support / Re: Chkrootkit suspicious files? [SOLVED]
« on: November 18, 2021, 08:20:46 am »

Linux Support / Re: Keyboard and mouse problems
« on: November 06, 2021, 07:58:03 am »
Thanks Keith,

I disabled Adblock Plus for the CCL site and things got a bit better, as in links actually working, but now I keep getting 'page not found' errors. I find it hard to see that as anything but shoddy website design/maintenance.

When I said "That makes me worry about Linux compatibility.." I meant with CCL's systems. They seem very Microsoft-centric. Maybe David was just lucky that his works...

Try clearing your browser history and cache and re-send the request to the site. 

A computer build - bare-bones - is just that.  The architecture will accept any operating system installed upon it.  The fact that CCL are Microsoft-biased just means they won't be able to advise on the OS installed as they don't support Linux (their loss!) but there is plenty of support online, both here and a thousand other places.  ;)  A look at my own build specs might help .......


THanks for keeping your instructions simple.... I need that ;-)  No problem!

It's an 2007 Dell XPS 210 with Vista (service pack 2)
Is this what you are after?  Yes, and I have a Dell laptop of that vintage that runs Linux Lite perfectly well

Processor    Intel(R) Core(TM)2 CPU 6600 @ 2.40GHz
Memory (RAM)    2.00 GB     My laptop has less RAM than yours
Graphics    Radeon X1300 Series (Microsoft Corporation - WDDM)   
Gaming graphics    1019 MB Total available graphics memory   
Primary hard disk    727GB Free (932GB Total)   
Windows Vista (TM) Home Premium  My laptop was ex- XP

     Manufacturer    Dell Inc.
     Model    Dell DXC061
     Total amount of system memory    2.00 GB RAM
     System type    32-bit operating system
     Number of processor cores    2
     64-bit capable    Yes   That's what I was looking for - 64-bit gives you many more options
     Total size of hard disk(s)    932 GB
     Disk partition (C:)    727 GB Free (932 GB Total)
     Media drive (D:)    CD/DVD
     Display adapter type    Radeon X1300 Series (Microsoft Corporation - WDDM)
     Total available graphics memory    1019 MB
           Dedicated graphics memory    256 MB
           Dedicated system memory    0 MB
           Shared system memory    763 MB
     Display adapter driver version
     Primary monitor resolution    1680x1050
     DirectX version    DirectX 9.0 or better
Modify Message

Ok - one step at a time and don't worry about how to do it, we on here can walk you through the steps  ;)

My advice would be to pick any 'lightweight' 64-bit version of Linux you fancy and burn it to disk and/or USB stick.  (It depends on whether your laptop has an optical drive (DVD player) or not - if yes, I'd go for burning it to disk as, in my experience, Dell laptops can sometimes be fiddly when trying to boot from a USB). 

Once the Linux medium has been sorted and the laptop BIOS arranged to boot from it, then you can 'try before you buy'**, if you see what I mean?  On boot, you can opt to try out the OS for as long as you like before installing it - a very useful feature and if you don't like the look of it, simply repeat the process with another distro and go again.  CAVEAT:  Any distro will run more slowly from disk/USB than when installed.  This is not a fault of Linux but of the reduced capabilities of the disk/USB compared to a HDD.  Once installed, I guarantee you will be amazed at the speed at which Linux runs - and a damned sight faster than Vista ever did  ;)

**This is just a figure of speech, of course.  If you choose to go the DIY route (and why not - it's not too difficult to do and it's a great learning experience as well) then the cost is zero - or minimal if you need to purchase a re-writable DVD or USB stick.

Have a trawl through the distros and come back when you are ready to go!

Good luck!


Hi All,

I'm looking to move to Linux based OS's on my home PC's and I want to start (dip a toe in the water) with my slightly venerable desktop!

I've never used a linux based OS before and although Im not a total PC novice, Im no means a tech savy I.T specialist either.
So instalation and set-up needs to be straightforwards and idiot proof.
I need basic PC features, a lot of web surfing, some word processing and basic photo/image editing.

My PC is pretty old and the spec is:
Processor: Intel Core 2 6600 @ 2.4Ghz
Ram: 2.00 GB
System Type: 32 Bit Operating System
Hard Drive: 1 TB

I was looking at Ubuntu or Mint, but I'm not sure they'll work with my older 32 bit architecture?

If anyone can  point me to a good (100% free) OS that would suit, I'd be grateful.

Can you post exactly what you are running at the moment?  Brand, operating system etc? If it's Windows it should be found via Start/Settings/System/About - or similar.   ;)

Linux Support / Re: Log in requested for samba shares in Peppermint
« on: September 21, 2021, 08:42:49 pm »
Hi to all

Because there is a windows laptop on the LAN I use samba to share files on all computers on the LAN.

Also noticed that if I try to open the network shares on the peppermint laptop it asks for a password and the user name and password for the computer is rejected.

Hi - I've never used Samba so can't comment on it - however - reading this

prompts the thought......  is it the 'Samba' password that is required, rather than the computer username/password etc? Particularly the section about 'Adding password-secured shares'?  As I say, just a thought and ignore if it's off beam.

Linux Support / Re: Booting Linux mint
« on: September 12, 2021, 08:16:16 am »
TC  - you are probably correct that Mint Cinnamon is too much for your rig to handle.  It is the premier version within the Mint family and requires a fair amount of RAM to deal with all it's 'bells and whistles'. 

But don't despair - if you wish to continue with Mint (and I'm assuredly a fan) then consider switching to Mint Mate, (pronounced mar-tay) version (just as good in my opinion with a more 'classical' appearance and the one I use) or Mint XFCE (stripped down version of Mint but still fully functional).  Other, lightweight versions of Linux are available, of course, Puppy being one of them and do work well.  The reason I've stayed with Mint is it's polish and stability, ease of use and, more importantly it's user base - ergo the potential 'pool' of advice is huge if things do go awry - rare, but it does happen.

For more info, take a look here -


Linux Support / Re: Booting Linux mint
« on: September 11, 2021, 07:52:49 am »
Don't worry about the time difference:  you can always change that under "Settings". 

Now that you have installed Mint, ensure that the USB stick is removed before booting.  Your machine will try to boot from the first device listed in the "Boot Order" you have set but as the USB stick is absent will try the next device in the boot list (often the DVD) and failing that it will try your HDD where, indeed, you have put the operating system.  In other words, just boot without a Live USB or Live DVD inserted and all will be fine.

If you ever want to try another OS, then booting with an appropriate Live USB or Live DVD inserted will display that OS (as long as you click on "Try without installing"!). 

.... can use that USB stick as a portable device to override any other software on any other computer?
Yes;  your Live USB can be used to install Mint on any other computer.

Do let us know how you get on with your new Mint.


And the same Live USB can be used to diagnose and repair your OS should anything go wrong with it - a very useful function indeed.  ;)

For my part, you're welcome!

In my own experience, changing exclusively to Linux (in my case Mint) has made no practical difference at all.  Only on a couple of occasions have I 'needed' Windows (to update a device - my golf range-finder, as it happens!) and that due to the manufacturer's firmware rather than any shortcomings with Mint.  Five minutes on daughter's laptop sorted that one out - and that's in over ten years of using Linux!  In all other respects, Linux allows me to do everything I want to without the constant hassle I used to get with Windows.  No contest, really.

Glad you got it sorted  :)


Linux Support / Re: Can not change boot order on dual boot laptop.
« on: September 08, 2021, 08:20:45 am »
You may also find these articles helpful -  and this

I trust you have saved a copy of your 'one time password'  somewhere........?

Edit:  If the above doesn't work, I suggest a re-install of Ubuntu and a disabling of 'secure boot' when prompted (or switching to 'legacy mode' if available)  ;)

Linux Support / Re: Mint won't update - out of memory?
« on: August 30, 2021, 07:21:38 am »
Hi Rich

Thanks again for taking the time to help me.

I followed all your instructions and everything was good until the refresh. Unfortunately, the error message is still there.

Hopefully you will have something else I can try? If not, I'm very grateful for your help.


PS It has this error message:

An error occurred during the signature verification. The repository is not updated and the previous index files will be used. GPG error: stable InRelease: The following signatures were invalid: EXPKEYSIG 1F3045A5DF7587C3 Skype Linux Client Repository <[email protected]>Repository ' focal-security InRelease' changed its 'Suite' value from 'focal-backports' to 'focal-security'Repository ' focal-security InRelease' changed its default priority for apt_preferences(5) from 100 to 500.


I've had my first update and it worked perfectly. Thank you so much!

You're welcome - it's great you've got it sorted.   ;)

Can you mark your post as 'Solved' as it may help others in the future with similar problems? Go to your original post, click on  'Modify' and then in the title box of your post.  Add 'Solved' at the end of the line.

For info:  As the error message is about a Skype module then I'd say don't worry about it as it isn't something critical to the OS. Do you use Skype - and does it still work ok?  If you don't, you can remove it via Synaptic PM.  If you do, wait a while and see if the Skype (or Mint) developers update the software (or more likely, certificates) and the issue will likely resolve itself.

Linux Support / Re: Mint won't update - out of memory?
« on: August 29, 2021, 08:04:03 am »
Hi Rich

Thank you for your help. I have followed all your steps but I'm not yet sure if the problem is sorted. When I refreshed the Update Manager, I got this message:

"Could not download all repository indexes

The repository may no longer be available or could not be contacted because of network problems. If available, an older version of the failed index will be used. Otherwise, the repository will be ignored. Check your network connection and ensure the repository address is correct in 'Repositories' under 'Settings'."

Then it goes on to say I'm up to date. Again, I don't know what this means. Perhaps I'll need to wait until an update is needed?

Thanks again.


You're welcome!

It looks like it's worked as it states you are now up to date.  The error message refers to a repository that it has tried to contact but has failed for some reason.  Either the software stored there has been ignored for the time being or it has found it somewhere else and installed from there.

Try this - Go to Menu/Administration/Synaptic Package Manager. (This is what Update Manager actually does for you when you fire it up  ;))

Key in your password and authenticate.  You now have Superuser privileges. 

Click on Edit and look down the list for 'Fix broken packages'.  Click on that.  Look at the very bottom of the box and the message "Successfully fixed dependency problems!" should appear.

Then click Edit again and click on "Reload Package Information".  When that finishes, close Synaptic.

Hopefully the error message should disappear.

Edit:  Also - click on Update Manager and hit 'Refresh'.  If a tick appears, you are good to go.

Linux Support / Re: Mint won't update - out of memory?
« on: August 28, 2021, 08:17:46 pm »
Hi - and welcome to the forum.  This has also happened to me in the past and can be scary!  It's possible that Mint has run out of storage space to install the updated software, hence the error message.  One solution may be the following -

When you get notifications of updates (via the Update Manager - the shield icon), have you ever noticed 'new kernels' in the list?  They appear now and then in amongst the other, general stuff.  It's important that these kernels are installed as they are literally the heart of the system and ensure that security is kept up to date.  Now Mint, for some reason known only to the developers, retains all of the old kernels and stores them on your system and eventually the partition they are on becomes full.  It's then up to you, the user to remove them. Other OS's, I believe, don't do this and remove older, redundant kernels automatically.  It's pretty straightforward to do but..... YOU HAVE TO BE CAREFUL!

If you wish to try, follow the method below that I use periodically but please read it through fully before beginning!

Click on the shield icon to open Update Manager, then on 'View/Linux Kernels.  Read the warning notice then hit Continue.

The top line tells you which kernel you are currently using.  Make a note of this. 

Click on the relevant kernel series in the left-hand column. (Mine is currently 4.15) 

You should see that your current kernel is marked 'Active' with the others as 'Installed' and 'Superseded'. (Click on the other series numbers and you will see that some will be marked 'End of Life') 

Any kernel not 'Active' is safe to remove - HOWEVER - it is good practice to keep a couple of kernels in reserve just in case your current one plays up.

To do this, click on the button 'Remove old kernels'.  All of that range will be checked for removal and are listed in descending order, oldest to newest. (Your 'Active' one should NOT be on the list but if it is - UNCHECK IT)  Also, uncheck the bottom 2 in the list - i.e the nearest ones to your current number.

When you are happy with your selection, click on 'Remove old kernels' and leave the system to do it's thing (it may take a while if there are a lot of them to remove).  When Update Manager box reappears, repeat the process for the other kernel series, especially those listed as 'End of Life'.  If no check box appears, they have been removed.

To test all is ok, restart the computer, click on Update Manager then 'Refresh' and ok any updates that appear.  If they install alright, you have cured the issue.

Hope this helps,



Security / Re: Linux in Between
« on: August 27, 2021, 08:18:07 am »
HI Keith,
Thanks for your welcome and advice.

I had (almost) convinced myself the way to go is Linux but, as an aged soul, wonder if I would be biting off more than I could chew.

Anyway, I have a redundant Toshiba laptop available, so might just take the plunge this weekend and see where it takes me.

Thanks again,

And a welcome from me too!

As a (very) silver surfer myself.......  I took the plunge years ago and have never looked back!  In all that time, only on a couple of occasions have I 'needed' Windows, and that because of the device criteria involved, not the shortcomings of Linux!  ;)  If it's any help, my other half, who is as technophobe as you will ever find, uses Linux every day without a worry as to what is going on underneath.  She asks me constantly how to do things, of course, but she did that with Windows so no change there!  The point being, the result is the same as makes no difference between the two systems, it's the way Linux is constructed and works 'under the hood' that is different, and is much more secure and stable than Windows.

With your spare Toshiba, you are in the fortunate position to be able to try out Linux without affecting your main computer.  There, you can learn Linux at your own pace, make mistakes, (as you certainly will), but will be able to (with help) redress any errors you might make - what's not to like?  And for free too........ ;)

If you can post your Toshiba specs and general computing requirements it will give responders a chance to advise on which distro would likely suit you best and how to install and run it successfully.

Hope this helps,


Linux Support / Re: Booting Linux mint
« on: August 26, 2021, 08:25:51 pm »
Yes, it is 146. My mistake. Total memory 1024MB.
It ran Vista Home Premium.  Then it should run 'most' Linux distros ok, albeit the 'heavier' ones may run a little slower (but all will be faster than Vista ever was!)  The governing factor is RAM - the more you have, the faster it runs
My plan is to download the most appropriate Linux programme onto a 64bit memory stick along with Rufus to make it bootable then try to install that in the USB MEMORY option (which appears to me to be the only one of the five options for booting from an external source currently on the machine?) Yes, that's another way to do it but if it will, then the option to install from disk most certainly will be in the menu somewhere, if a DVD player is installed, that is.
A couple of things occur to me:
1, On machines with Windows already installed do you have to completely de-install Windows to make room for Linux and if so how do you do that? No, you can run both alongside each other - it's called 'dual-booting - the Linux installer will automatically allocate the space required.   However........ Windows is notoriously 'bloated' and when installed will take over the whole drive so Linux will 'shrink' the partition that Windows sits on to make room for itself.
Would having two take up double the space?  No, see above. For info - Linux generally has a much smaller footprint than Windows I actually thought that as part of the installation process you were given the option to delete or de-install Windows?  Yes, you do have that option
2, The point you make about 34 bit Cinnamon being time limited quite surprises me. I am motivated to switch from Windows because it is too time limited and persistently requires updates which I have no control over and which I am certain is harvesting data for third parties. You seem to be saying that Cinnamon is time limited too?  No, you misunderstand.  It is 32bit (not 34...) software that is being phased out.  All computers are now 64bit capable and have been for several years. 32bit software will still run on 64bit machines but there will no longer be any development or updating of it.  Simply put, it is now redundant so no point in working on it further.  Also, Linux has regular updates but these are more of refinement and further bolstering an already very secure system.
3, Which version of Linux would be most functional and easiest to install on the Equium l300 - 146 and which would you recommend for me?  Most Linux installs are pretty straightforward these days and it depends on your requirements and what your machine capability is as to version. Even the lightest and most basic of distros have good functionality and a great advantage of Linux is there's a mass of free software available that you can add if you wish.  ;) 

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