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Messages - MohdSohail

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1
Peppermint / Why is Peppermint small in Virtualbox?
« on: August 28, 2015, 03:11:02 pm »
Hi,

I have been using Peppermint for sometime in Virtualbox, hosting on Ubuntu. But here is one thing that I don't like. Why in VirtualBox Peppermint screen is too small. Although I found so many causes and solutions which I could not find working for me. Please tell me why is this so and how to make Peppermint (6) screen larger in VirtualBox.

Thank you!

2
Cinnamon 2.6 has been officially released with many interesting changes and improvements. Cinnamon 2.6 will be used in Linux Mint 17.2 "Rafaela" that is planned to be released in end of June. In this article I'm going to review this release and tell you how you can install it on Ubuntu or derivatives. I hope you will like to use it. One more thing, when you use it please give your feedback.

What's New In Cinnamon 2.6 ?

To see all new features & changes made to this release. Read the original article here on LinuxAndUbuntu.com.


How To Install Cinnamon 2.6.x In Ubuntu 15.04 Vivid/14.10 Utopic/14.04 Trusty/other related derivatives ?
Warning: If you have installed any Linux Mint application, first of all remove that application(s) and PPA from your system. If you added Noobslab's Mint PPA first remove it with this command -
(sudo apt-get install ppa-purge && sudo ppa-purge ppa:noobslab/mint)


To install Cinnamon 2.6 in Ubuntu 15.04 Vivid/14.10 Utopic/14.04 Trusty/other related derivative systems, open Terminal (Press Ctrl+Alt+T) and use the following commands in the Terminal:


Code: [Select]
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gwendal-lebihan-dev/cinnamon-nightly

$ sudo apt-get update

$ sudo apt-get install cinnamon

Since this is nightly PPA, after installation disable this PPA from your system.

Code: [Select]
$ sudo add-apt-repository -r ppa:gwendal-lebihan-dev/cinnamon-nightly

To uninstall Cinnamon, enter these commands in Terminal:

Code: [Select]
$ sudo apt-get install ppa-purge

$ sudo ppa-purge ppa:gwendal-lebihan-dev/cinnamon-nightly

For More Articles See LinuxAndUbuntu.com

3
Wine is an Open Source, command line and very popular software that allows users to install and run Microsoft Windows applications and games on Linux. It is easy to install and does not take much time.

 
You can install on Ubuntu 15.04 vivid Vervet, ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn, Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr (LTS), Debian and Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca, Linux Mint 17 Qiana via PPA.

Yesterday Wine 1.7.35 was announced. Wine 1.7.35 includes the following new features -


  • Beginnings of support for OpenGL core contexts.
  • Initial support for glyph placement in DirectWrite.
  • Some more WBEM objects.
  • Various bug fixes.

Wine 1.7.35 has total 56 bug fixes. For more detailed information go to Wine announcement page.

Install Wine 1.7.35 in Ubuntu/Debian/Linux Mint

The official ppa is available to install Wine. Add the ppa and update the local repository, then install Wine.


Code: [Select]
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install -y wine1.7

After installation is completed, you can run Microsoft Windows based software in your Linux distribution.

Also Read Aptik Backups Your Favorite PPAs/Themes And Icons/App Settings In Ubuntu/Linux Mint

4
    Setting up everything after upgrading or re-installing OS is very time consuming. We don't know what PPAs we had added into our system or what applications we had installed. Don't bother now because you don't need to remember them all. Aptik backups them all.

    Aptik is a backup tool to backup and re-store all your favorite PPAs, Applications, Applications settings and yeah themes too. After saving backup restore it when you install new operating system.


    Creating backup of PPAs, applications and applications settings does not take much time and its too small to upload it on cloud storage. Although If you have installed so many themes then themes and icons backup may time some 2-3 minutes.


    How to install Aptik


    • First of all add the repository into your sysem.
    • Update your repositories
    • Install Aptik

    [/list]

    Code: [Select]
    $ sudo apt-add-repository -y ppa:teejee2008/ppa

    $ sudo apt-get update

    $ sudo apt-get install aptik


    How to backup Applications/PPAs/Themes and Icons/Applications settings using Aptik

    5
    Install/Upgrade Linux Kernel To 3.18.3 Stable In Ubuntu/Linux Mint/Peppermint

    Recently Linus Torvalds announced Linux Kernel 3.18.3. The Kernel includes several bug fixes. Latest Linux Kernel includes new features, bug fixes and improve security. Updating/Upgrading Linux Kernel is recommended.

    Read on LinuxAndUbuntu
    What is Linux Kernel?


    Those who don't know what is the Linux Kernel they should know it because Linux kernel is the essential part of any Linux operating system. It is responsible for resource allocation, low-level hardware interfaces, security, simple communications, basic file system management, and more. Written from scratch by Linus Torvalds (with help from various developers), Linux is a clone of the UNIX operating system. It is geared towards POSIX and Single UNIX Specification compliances.


    Latest Stable Linux Kernel Version 3.18.3


    The Linux Kernel 3.18.3 release has many changes. Check the complete changelog here.


    Install Linux Kernel 3.18.3

    Because it is not available via PPA, the needed deb packages of Kernel 3.18.1 are available via kernel.ubuntu.com. Follow the instructions for your system’s architecture exactly, in order to get a successful installation.


    To install or update Latest Stable Kernel 3.18.1 on Ubuntu 15.04 vivid vervet, Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn, Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr (LTS) , Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca, Linux Mint 17 Qiana, Pinguy OS 14.04, Elementary OS 0.3 Freya, Elementary OS 0.2 Luna, Peppermint Five, Deepin 2014, LXLE 14.04, Linux Lite 2.0, Linux Lite 2.2 and other Ubuntu derivative systems, open a new Terminal window and bash (get it?) in the following commands:

    For 32-bit systems: Downlaod .deb files


    Code: [Select]
    $ wget http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v3.18.3-vivid/linux-headers-3.18.3-031803_3.18.3-031803.201501161810_all.deb

    $ wget http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v3.18.3-vivid/linux-headers-3.18.3-031803-generic_3.18.3-031803.201501161810_i386.deb

    $ wget http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v3.18.3-vivid/linux-image-3.18.3-031803-generic_3.18.3-031803.201501161810_i386.deb


    Install the files now-


    Code: [Select]
    $ sudo dpkg -i linux-headers-3.18.3*.deb linux-image-3.18.3*.deb

    Atfer install complete, update grub and reboot your computer and choose new kernel in grub :


    Code: [Select]
    $ sudo update-grub

    $ sudo reboot

    For Linux system 64 bit :


    Code: [Select]
    $ wget http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v3.18.3-vivid/linux-headers-3.18.3-031803_3.18.3-031803.201501161810_all.deb

    $ wget http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v3.18.3-vivid/linux-headers-3.18.3-031803-generic_3.18.3-031803.201501161810_amd64.deb

    $ wget http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v3.18.3-vivid/linux-image-3.18.3-031803-generic_3.18.3-031803.201501161810_amd64.deb

    Install the files now-


    Code: [Select]
    $ sudo dpkg -i linux-headers-3.18.3*.deb linux-image-3.18.3*.deb

    Atfer install complete, update grub and reboot your computer and choose new kernel in grub :


    Code: [Select]
    $ sudo update-grub
    $ sudo reboot

    How to UnInstall Linux Kernel 3.18.3


    Code: [Select]
    sudo apt-get remove 'linux-headers-3.18.3*' 'linux-image-3.18.3*'

    You've done it! Now you can check your Linux Kernel version after restarting system with the following command -


    Code: [Select]
    $ uname

    Also Read How To Install Software In Linux : An Introduction

    6
    How To Convert And Download Videos from YouTube, vimeo, Dailymotion Or from another sites By ClipGrab In Ubuntu/Mint

    Here I’m with the very useful information for linux/Ubuntu Newbies. It is one of the very difficult tasks for newbies to download and convert videos from sites, like, Youtube, Vimeo, Dailymotion etc. But here is a very useful, easy and powerful application for Ubuntu/Linux Mint to make video downloading  super easy. ClipGrab.

    Now you don’t need to search for online site/applications that require java etc. to work properly. ClipGrab is a free software to download and convert videos from different famous sites of Internet. You can easily save your favorite videos from sites like Dailymotion, Youtube or Vimeo. You can check complete list of supported websites by this software. And you can convert these videos into "usable" formats like WMV, MPEG or MP3. You can check here which sites are supported by this software. It can convert videos to WMV, MPEG4, OGG Theora, MP3 (audio only), OGG Vorbis http://clipgrab.org/faqs/supported-sites(audio only) or simply download videos in their original format. However, downloading from some websites doesn't allow you to select other format from drop-down menu, it could be issue with site videos.

    Also read How to install VirtualBox through ppa in ubuntu 14.10/14.10 or other distributions

    ClipGrab is capable to download from the following sites like,  Clipfish, Collegehumor, Dailymotion, MyVideo, MySpass, Sevenload, Tudou, Vimeo and others. ClipGrab is even capable to download videos that are not listed. And yeah! ClipGrab can also download HD videos from sites that have support for high definition.

    Install ClipGrab

    There is an official ppa available but It does not have packages for Ubuntu 15.04 (vivid vervet) and Ubuntu 14.10 (Utopic Unicorn). So for Vivid Vervet and Utopic Unicorn there is noobslab ppa available that has packages for all.


    Official ppa for ClipGrab

    Code: [Select]
    udo add-apt-repository ppa:clipgrab-team/ppa
    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get install clipgrab
    Noobslab ppa

    Code: [Select]
    sudo add-apt-repository ppa:noobslab/ppa
    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get install clipgrab

    Yeah! You've done.Now start ClipGrab to enjoy downloading.

    Want to know how to convert and download videos in ClipGrab? Just visit the original article

    7
    Recently I posted a video in our video tutorials page on "How To Install Genymotion And Run Android Apps (Whatsapp) On Ubuntu 14.10/Linux Mint Or Others Video Tutorial".  I was asked for simpler way of installing VirtualBox instead of downloading package from website and depackaging it through dpkg. So here you can also install it from ppa. Although you can directly open .deb file in software center that will install quickly but those who are familiar with repository then you can do it with adding ppa also.

    VirtualBox is used to install another virtual operating system inside one operating system. If you want to know more about VirtualBox then read here.

    Install VirtualBox using ppa

    First of all install dependency for VirtualBox.

    Code: [Select]
    sudo apt-get install dkms
    Add ppa

    To add ppa and key use the following commands -

    Code: [Select]
    wget -q http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -
    Add the public key to your repository that you just installed


    For Ubuntu 14.04

    Code: [Select]
    sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian trusty contrib" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/virtualbox.list'
    For Ubuntu 13.10

    Code: [Select]
    sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian saucy contrib" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/virtualbox.list'
    For Ubuntu 13.04

    Code: [Select]
    sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian raring contrib" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/virtualbox.list'
    For Ubuntu 12.10

    Code: [Select]
    sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian quantal contrib" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/virtualbox.list'
    For Ubuntu 12.04

    Code: [Select]
    sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian precise contrib" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/virtualbox.list'
    For Ubuntu 11.10

    Code: [Select]
    sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian oneiric contrib" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/virtualbox.list'
    For Ubuntu 11.04

    Code: [Select]
    sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian natty contrib" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/virtualbox.list'
    Now its time to update  your repositories

    Code: [Select]
    sudo apt-get update

    Now Its Time To Install VirtualBox

    Code: [Select]
    sudo apt-get install virtualbox-4.3

    If you want to install any other version then just replace 4.3 with whatever the version you want, like, 4.2 or 4.1

    It's all done! You've installed VirtualBox open it from dash by typing 'virtualbox'.

    Also read our important article How To Install Software In Linux : An Introduction

    8
    Yeah!! There is a confusion actually, I's specifically talking about Ubuntu not other distros. So take linux as ubuntu Because that's true other distributions do have that configured by default. Ubuntu is obviously not followed as linux, Linux has so many distributions that have their own ways of working.

    9
    Blogs / How To Use 'Sudo' And 'Su' Commands In Linux : An Introduction
    « on: January 11, 2015, 09:42:26 am »
    How To Use 'Sudo' And 'Su' Commands In Linux : An Introduction

    Today We're going to discuss sudo and su, the very important and mostly used commands in Linux. It is very important for a Linux user to understand these two to increase security and prevent unexpected things that a user may have to go through. Firstly we will see what these commands do then we'll know the difference between both of them. So let's get started.

    Introduction to Linux command 'sudo'

    In Linux there is not root account configured by default. If users want root account password then they can manually set it up oo can use 'sudo'. As we all know, Linux in many ways protects users' computer being used for bad purposes by some nasty people around us. Using sudo is one of those good ways. Whenever a user tries to install, remove and change any piece of software, the user has to have the root privileges to perform such tasks. sudo, linux command is used to give such permissions to any particular command that a user wants to execute. sudo requires the user to enter user password to give system based permissions. For example user wants to update the operating system by passing command -

    Code: [Select]
    apt-get update

    The above command will give following error-



    This error is due to not having root privileges to the user 'sandy'. The root privileges can be required by passing sudo at the very beginning, like below-

    Code: [Select]
    sudo apt-get update

    The above command will execute command and the operating system will update-



    As you can see when I used apt-get update that is a packaging management tool and through that I tried to update my system but it failed because to make this command work for me, I must have root privileges. So the next time I used the same command along with 'sudo' and this time sudo command asked user password to have root privileges to update system. After entering user password it system updated.

    But there may not be all the user accounts able to use sudo. As a system administrator, he has to give the rights whether any particular user can sudoer to do particulars admin tasks. To read that in description jump over here on the official page.

    Some more examples of 'sudo' -

    Code: [Select]
    sudo apt-get install {package-name}

     This command will install packages with the root privileges.

    Code: [Select]
    sudo apt-get remove {package-name}

     This command will remove packages with the root privileges.

    Code: [Select]
    sudo apt-get update {package-name}

     This command will update packages with the root privileges.

    Introduction to Linux command 'su'

    The Linux command 'su' is used to switch from one account to another. User will be prompted for the password of the user switching to.

    Code: [Select]
    $ su linuxandubuntu
    password:
    linuxandubuntu@sandy:~$

    Users can also use it to switch to root account. If user ty
    pes only 'su' without any option then It will be considered as root and user will be prompted to enter root user password.



    Using 'su' command to have functionality similar to 'sudo'

    If user only uses 'su' command and want to use 'su' as 'sudo' then it can be done. (here root password is assumed to have been configured because user is familiar with 'su'.)

    To achieve same sudo functionality to execute any single command user has to use '-c' option of 'su'. Here is how to do it -

    Code: [Select]
    $ su -c apt-get install vlc

    After hitting enter user will be prompted for password and obviously it's for root password because we're using 'su' command.

    Using 'sudo' command to have functionality similar to 'su'

    Above we have seen 'su' having similar functionality as sudo and it's time to see how we can do same with the command 'sudo' and achieve same 'su' functionality.

    To achieve same 'su' functionality in 'sudo' just use '-i' option of 'sudo'. Here is how we can do it -



    When user hits enter, it will ask password its the user password not the root password.

    It's all done!

    You can learn more about these commands through man pages.

    Code: [Select]
    $ man sudo
    $ man su

    Congratulation! You now have the basic knowledge the mostly used commands in Linux.

    We'll learn more about these commands in our another post, like to create/configure root password manually etc.

    Also read article APT Packaging Management Tool In Detail; Linux

    10
    Blogs / Re: Install Peppermint os in VirtualBox in Ubuntu (host)
    « on: January 09, 2015, 06:25:35 pm »
    Yes I tried some of the features like group installation of software.  :) Happy with the size of this distro that is causing the system faster.

    11
    Blogs / Install Peppermint os in VirtualBox in Ubuntu (host)
    « on: January 09, 2015, 02:18:18 pm »
    Install Peppermint os in VirtualBox in Ubuntu (host)

    One of the virtues of the Linux distributions is that they are lighter than any other os on earth. The Linux Peppermint OS, lighter, faster and easier to install and run. Peppermint is a combination of the two OSes Ubuntu and ChromeOS. Peppermint is like ChromeOS because they believe that we users spend most of the time on Internet, using just one software, Browser (I think they are right  :) ). So they provide most of the online applications to perform daily tasks. And Peppermint is like Ubuntu because unlike ChromeOS, Peppermint allows users to install software/applications like Ubuntu based distributions. Peppermint has nice 'Software Center' and Peppermint has also the access to the Ubuntu official ppa that has bundles of software available.

    <a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ClcD8nbbZUc" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ClcD8nbbZUc</a>

    If you can't see the above video then see  Install Peppermint os in VirtualBox in Ubuntu (host)

    12
    Blogs / APT Packaging Management Tool In Detail; Linux
    « on: January 07, 2015, 01:23:26 pm »
    A package is a 'Software'. Examples of the package can be the browsers (Google chrome, Mozilla, Safari etc.), utilities package (ccleaner, ASC, BleachBit etc.), designing program (Photoshop, Gimp etc.) and Games (Need for Speed, Call of Duty etc.). The packages/software are compiled and set altogether so that when someone executes them, all the files or scripts start and install the programs on the system. Sometimes the compiled code is provided in which everything is setup, all the files and scripts, only thing user do is execute them. Mostly programs are packaged so that user can easily install it.

    That packaged code need to be unpackaged or execute through 'Package Management Tools'. That's where newbies have problem/confusion in Linux.

    While turning from Windows/Mac to Linux, one of the biggest problems is to understand the packaging management tools in Linux. The first confusion understanding software installation is different types of packaging tools for different Linux distributions and second is in Windows we've simply a setup.exe file clicking on which starts the installation. In Linux also we've such files to install programs but they get changed in other Linux Distributions.
    Although Windows packaging setup.exe has also some problems, like, they are larger in size and some others but I am discussing here about packaging In Linux, APT. So let's get started.

    In this Article I am only heading to APT. To see other packaging Management tools, just see my article How To Install Software In Linux : An Introduction

    Introduction to APT

    As I mentioned above for different distributions we've different packaging management tools and so APT is for the Linux Debian based distributions. APT stands for Advanced Package Tool. In the beginning the .tar.gz (source code) was given that users had to compile them before they install on their GNU/Linux system. When the debian was created then they thought to make change and they designed a packaging management/system called dpkg. Then Red Hat after a while created rpm system. Then there was another challenge to install those packages easily and efficiently on systems with configuring perfectly and manage dependencies automatically. Then Debian created APT, Advanced Packaging Tool, since then has been being used in several other Linux distributions.

    It was all needed to know for understanding the basics of the packaging and packaging management tools. Keep in mind the packaging management tools are the tools to execute programs in different ways. Here I'm going to tell you that how you can install/Unpack/configure any software (i.e package) through a widely used tool APT. It's all done in terminal, don't get scared it is super easy!  And yeh! It can also remove/uninstall, update and upgrade any packages from the system as well. So It's very featured.

    How to use APT to install software : Commands

    Each command needs user to be in root or using sudo.
     
    APT commands have been better described on the website in article APT Packaging Management Tool In Detail; Linux

    13
    Yes, surely I'll inform you after trying it. Nice to talk to you! See you soon in the forum.

    14
    hmmm! ya there may be some reason. Hope team will fix it soon.

    15
    Yeh! And trying it in virtualbox will be good idea firstly, right? And no I'll not make decision without using it completely. I also saw some reviews on youtube after you told me about peppermint os. In short time anything can not be judged, so it should be given a bit long try to actually see what's in there.

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