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Messages - Brian000


what is your current PC or was it a custom build?

you can of check for hardware compatibility before committing to the switch.

ah... i see, for VMs you want something with RAM to spare (which I'll guess you have); but I've run 3 or 4 VM on 8gb without too much issue.

I think you have a few options - but they largely depends on how much you want your windows 10 OS....

Either way - I think the start point is the same:
1) find somewhere to backup everything from your old computer (a spare drive, USB, cloud - doesn't matter; just to keep it safe...

1a) (at the same time, you can "play") Download & try a few LiveCDs.. most Linux distros will boot straight from CD/DVD/USB and run without altering your system at all.

2) once your happy with the LiveCD, you can bite the bullet and install it onto your drive (removing windows)

3) enjoy!

You'll find other posts about which Linux distro is "better" but having an i7 I doubt you'll have the hardware concerns of many others.... And most seem to agree that it's best to stick to well known distros like Ubuntu - although many (many) others exist - www.distrowatch.org - so it's hard to say which is "better" or "best".

Grap the LiveCD for Unbuntu and have a play... there are different "flavours" which you can think of as "desktop look and feel", so have a read / but importantly have a play too....

keep an eye on the spec because each is different, but with an i7 (how much RAM?) you should be clear for any issues..


By the way; you'll find other & quite different options for VMs under Linux.

hope this is helpful..
@Gaz511, Thanks, now updated

I have had a few barebones; a Gigabyte Brix for a good 5 years, and before that a Zotac Zbox mini and currently use a HP EliteDesk -- they vary in price and each gave me many years of trouble free Linux usage (although it's true, I have swapped each time due to hardware failures. Something that (in my experience) seem to effect micro form factors more than others (considering my "always on" HP MicroServer (2011) has out lived all of those)... & is why I've bought HP this time around.

Regards safeboot and TPA (just read about) they sound to be MS "standards" - so as long as you can format the disk, you should be fine.

mores what I read:
hope this helps....


Others may have different experience or thoughts..... but my initial thoughts for hardware are below.

When you say "Main PC". what are you using it for (that will greatly influence your requirements & costs).
For example, if you only really browse; then a RaspberryPi4 could do (4gb ~£55) but other routes for cheap hardware if secondhand.  Many companies pay companies to recycle their computers - finding one of those may save you a lot compared with buying new.  I've also had good use from both Amazon reconditioned and https://www.bargainhardware.co.uk/refurbished-desktop-pcs

But if you stick to main hardware providers - HP have good linux support, and I'd expect others to too.

Unless you are doing things with graphics or especially modern games - you may be surprised how little spec you require for Linux.... which may also help reduce your anticipated costs.


Linux Support / Re: Can't execute scripts
April 30, 2022, 10:49:58 PM
thinking about it....

/home or /home/keith isn't on another partition is it??? check /etc/fstab isn't mounting them as 'non executable'

Linux Support / Re: Can't execute scripts
April 30, 2022, 09:54:06 PM

it looks like you've done this, but I'll add it here for others:

I assume that these work:

i'd check the directory permissions too....may ensure those permit execute too (just in case)

Linux Support / Re: Why is SAMBA so bad
April 17, 2022, 10:00:23 AM

I found this Microsoft article which may help explain the situation from their perspective

& I'll add that Samba is used by many enterprises/companies, so is considered suitable for production use.

There are other options you could look at too, FTP and Webdav being two of the obvious alternatives. And/or  applications like SeaFile or Own/Next-Cloud could (briefly discussed in another post within this forum) provide both file integration and additional features.

hope this helps....
Linux Support / Re: Recommendations please
April 14, 2022, 12:02:59 PM
I have no experience of any of these, but you can also look here:


FSlint is in there and reported to be available on Ubuntu (& maybe others).

if you want a file sync - rsync is commonly used tool too.
Thanks MP, that'll save me a bucket of time!
Linux Support / Re: Recommendations please
April 13, 2022, 04:37:15 PM

I think most media players (inc. VLC) will rip CDs, and most distros allow you to search the repo for software - displaying anything which may be suitable.

Have you looked at diff?
I used to use Seafile but moved to NextCloud for the extra functionality, but I ran them both on virtual machines (qemu/kvm). And like seafile, nextcloud has a windows client. see also OwnCloud.

My files are hosted from a separate file server, so i can backup and recover the files which protects me from a loss of the VM or a virtual disk. That way if I do need to rebuild, I just remount and resync the files.

I can't righty remember, but i think part of the reason I moved from Seafile was because NextCloud retains my directory structure - certainly others, move files into it's own structure which makes it hard to find without an app.

I've not considered snapshots as a solution for backup and recovery as I currently backup my whole VM (~15g) - but I can see some testing coming my way, to look at Borg if MP is right (which is frequently the case!) ;)

Linux Support / Re: Is Debian good for ThinkPads?
April 13, 2022, 04:12:55 PM
I found this which may help...

but as MP suggests, Linux distros are quite varied and the reasons I like "X", is the reason somebody else does not.  If you're looking for a distro, then it also depends on the use case - do you want stability or bleeding edge features? desktop or server? what Support do you expect? and any hardware compatibility considerations, etc...


I'll add a link to DistoWatch too, which lists all distros and provides details about each.


Linux Support / Re: Make a new distribution
April 03, 2022, 01:29:30 PM
Hi and welcome,

The short and unhelpful version of this post is "Sorry, I didn't know". The longer version takes a sideways step. 

There is a growing number of OSs based upon Kubernetes.  One of these may be an alternative, and instead of building the OS from the bottom up, via K8s you can script, and therefore standardise, not only the disk partitioning and config, but also specify which components and/or software to install.

This may be an alternative (not necessarily easier) than building the OS from scratch...

While I have installed Fedora CoreOS, i've not get very far with it.  Fingers crossed you'll get further than me.
Hope this helps....
I'm not sure of the use case, but I see we can change the icon that appears beside our name post date/time, at the top of each of our posts....

I quite like it!

Have noticed that quick edit doesn't seem to work, while 'more->Modify' does.

Just to confirm that I can "Like" and see&set the Star rating - but once set, I'm unable to change said rating.