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Messages - Keith

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General Discussion / MOVED: yum install --nogpgcheck and friends
« on: May 16, 2021, 08:39:24 am »
This topic has been moved to the more appropriate "Linux Support" board.

Linux Support / Re: Linux Data
« on: May 13, 2021, 02:02:38 pm »
There is one possibility.  But before I mention it you'll need to know how to start a Terminal Session.
Please read the instructions here, which you ought to have done as a new member. 


Linux Support / Re: Linux Data
« on: May 12, 2021, 04:05:18 pm »
Fortran is just an application for writing scientific software - like C++, BASIC, Python, etc.  It doesn't have data files in the sense that you mean.  If you have written Fortran code to save data files then those files will be accessible via the server operating system. 
If you have no control over your data then you have a problem with your contract with the "external company". 
Do you not have a computer operator/manager within the organisation?  That's the person to go to. Or hire an expert. 

Sorry I can't advise you further.


Linux Support / Re: Linux Data
« on: May 12, 2021, 03:11:43 pm »
It looks like you have a Linux-base server that provides Fortran scientific programming software. 

Fortran has has advanced a lot since I was a lad and may well have database functionality but I suggest that you simply go to your computer manager and tell him/her what you want to do. 
Alternatively, if you are provided with a Windows desktop environment, just use the built-in Microsoft Excel spreadsheet application and use its database functions. 


Linux Support / Re: Linux Data
« on: May 12, 2021, 02:33:45 pm »
Linux is not a database at all - it is a computer operating system like the Windows or Apple operating systems. 

If you are looking for a database, then a web-search for "Windows database software" or "Linux database software" will find many for you. 
Whatever operating system you are using (I am guessing Windows) you will find that the built-in spreadsheet will have powerful database commands for extracting information. 

If you choose to install Linux someone here can help you with the built-in "LibreOffice Calc" spreadsheets and database commands. 

Hope that helps a bit.

Linux Support / Re: Linux Data
« on: May 12, 2021, 02:03:33 pm »
Hello Erics44 - and welcome to the Forum.

What data are you referring to?  Certainly Linux, like any operating system, comprises a huge number of files and if you have both Linux and windows on the same computer (as a dual boot, perhaps) you will be able to access the windows files from Linux and probably the other way round, too. 

We would need a bit more information about your setup before being able to comment further. 


Linux Support / Re: Socat for passing AT commands
« on: May 12, 2021, 10:21:48 am »
Hi Siam - and welcome to the Forum.

First thing:   Please put your posts on appropriate Board - we had to move it here.  Indeed, if you had read the New Members' Guide (where you posted) you would know what to do.

I have no experience of socat but a web search seems to indicate that you can't get all the way from a PC command through your Development Board to your DUT. 
But you might be able to get socat to create a file on your DB that you could read via s/w you write for the DB.  Just a thought.

There are tutorials on the web that might help you.


Your posts
Most of the people who reply to your questions will not be professional computer experts, but just Linux users with more experience than you.  They will have other calls on their time (like a job or family) so please be patient if answers don’t appear immediately. 

Remember that there is no such thing as a “daft” question on this Forum.  All contributors have gone through the same learning curve as you have embarked upon, so don’t be reluctant to ask a question, no matter how simple it seems. 

Provide essential information in your post
Readers of your post are not clairvoyant and will have no idea of your system setup, so please always include enough information for them to place your questions in context.  For example;  the make/model of your computer - and your printer/device also if that’s the subject of your post. 

Key combinations
You will often be asked to type or paste “key combinations” as part of an instruction.  It means that you press one key whilst already holding down one or more other keys.  If you have used office software to create documents you are already familiar with the process.  For example: Ctrl+c and Ctrl+v for cutting and pasting.  And you select text by clicking-and-dragging your cursor over the text to be highlighted for copying. 

It’s the same process in the Terminal (see the next paragraph) except that for historical reasons (you can ask if you’re interested) the key combinations are Ctrl+Shift+c and Ctrl+Shift+v for copy and paste, respectively. 

The Terminal
Almost all the advice you receive will involve entering commands into your computer using the “Terminal”.  This is simply an application which is just a blank, black window into which you type or paste instructions that you are given. 

You invoke the Terminal by either:
1. searching the menu for “Terminal” or, more simply…
2. entering Ctrl+Alt+t on the keyboard.

Initially, the only text on the terminal screen will be your user prompt.  Here’s mine:
[email protected]:~$
Before the “@” is my computer user-name and “T500” is the name I’ve given my computer. 
The “~” means you are set at your Home Directory and the “$” just marks the end of the prompt.  The user prompt will change to reflect which directory you are in at any time. 

Entering commands
Most of the commands that you will be asked to enter into the Terminal will be provided in a reply-post in the “code” box.  In copying the command it is safest to highlight it by clicking on [Select] just above the code box, then copying it using Ctrl+c. 

The computer has no idea when you have finished entering your instruction until you tell it by pressing the “Enter” key.  Many new users are not aware of this. 

Most of the commands that you encounter at first will appear almost magical in their brevity.  Don’t worry about that – all will become clear with practice, and by you asking for explanations.  Beware, though, that the Linux Command Line is addictive! 

Forum Rules / Forum Rules
« on: May 08, 2021, 03:32:13 pm »
The Forum Rules are mostly about respect for others and not abusing the function of the Forum. So:

1. Bad language – even of an apparently mild  nature – is deprecated.  If you want to emphasise a point, the English language is certainly adequate to the task in simple, accurate terms and without the use of mi**ing letters.

2. Discourtesy towards others – not just Forum members – is deprecated also. 

3. Personal rants about anything will be actively discouraged. 

4. Controversial issues  such as race, religion, politics, etc. should be avoided. 

5. Derogatory comments  Whilst comparisons between operating systems, hardware etc. can be useful, derogatory comments about specific ones are unnecessary and simply annoy their users.  Another form of discourtesy. 

6. Deliberate advertising  Any form of advertising is not allowed.  This does not mean that one cannot comment about the pros & cons of something in the General Discussion Board, but keep it objective.

7. Accuracy and completeness in ones posts is not just helpful, it saves a responder wasting a lot of time misinterpreting the problem/question.  Always provide as much information as you can about the system you are having trouble with or want to discuss. 
Always use the "Preview" button to see the final version of your post before publishing it, just to check you've expressed yourself appropriately. 

8. Personal Messaging is for just that: private communication between Members.  It is not a fast route to personal Linux advice from the staff. 

These Rules are not fixed and may change from time to time. 

Linux Support / Re: NTFS partition on Ubuntu
« on: May 04, 2021, 12:12:24 pm »
Interesting that Nautilus file manager sees all the drives but the df command sees only Mark's drive. 
Looks like you'll have to attempt a Grub repair after all.  Perhaps Rich can help with that.

This URL looks like it might help with a repair:  You'll need to scroll down to "Reinstall Ubuntu GRUB Boot Loader". 
I found here the statement: "Usually, you should install the boot loader on your first machine hard disk MBR, which is /dev/sda in most cases. " - which might be relevant in your case.


Hi Fezzan - and welcome to the Forum. 

Did you measure the download speed with FF using a download speed-checker?  If so, the good speed checkers download many files simultaneously in order to saturate your bandwidth and get a worst case value.  As I understand it, the Package Manager, in contrast, typically downloads all the required sub-files packaged into a single file (as tar does), so your bandwidth is not being saturated. 


Linux Support / Re: NTFS partition on Ubuntu
« on: April 29, 2021, 03:26:12 pm »
Ah, I ought to have looked more closely at your image. 
Just out of interest, try
Code: [Select]
df | grep sd
and copy the output here.

Linux Support / Re: Not seeking help really, just an observation
« on: April 28, 2021, 06:16:10 pm »
I'm sorry you have been having so much trouble.  I, also, have been using Linux for about ten years and have had difficulty with only one printer.  Many printer manufacturers don't support Linux very well so the the Linux community itself writes drivers for them, and this can take a while. 

By far the best manufacturer is HP who support Linux very well indeed and provides the "HP Linux Imaging & Printing" system which you can download here:  It is an excellent HP printer manager and will find your HP printer wirelessly. 

I am assuming that you have checked that your printer has been set up to see the router!  You'd be surprised how many people forget that and just assume that it connects itself.

By the way;  comments like this of yours really ought to be posted in the General Discussion Board - please always choose the most appropriate Board for your posts.  Thank you.


PS. I have changed a dubious word in your post!

Linux Support / Re: NTFS partition on Ubuntu
« on: April 28, 2021, 05:59:44 pm »
It's good that you can see the other drives as this means that you can copy files. 

To get to the data:
  double-click on the "Home" directory shown on your attachment,
  double-click on your user name (Mark?)
and you will see your files.  You can then copy them to a USB/DVD as required. 

A quicker and neater way to back up is to use terminal commands and we can guide you if you wish, as it looks a bit complicated to those unfamiliar with it.  Let us know.


Linux Support / Re: NTFS partition on Ubuntu
« on: April 28, 2021, 08:46:06 am »
First of al I suggest very strongly that you use the old Ubuntu system (on HDD) to back up to a USB/DVD all your important files from the 500GB SSD. 

Since only one person in your family can use the computer at a time, I suggest that you:
1. install Ubuntu on the 250GB SSD alongside Windows and
2. use that new Ubuntu to copy your files from the 500GB SSD to the 250GB SSD.  The fact you can't boot into the 500GB drive doesn't mean that you can't read from it. 

If you have a truly huge amount of data I would reformat the 500GB SSD to EXT4 and save your archivable files there from your back-up. 


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