How do I link Win7 to an Ubuntu network

I am running an Ubuntu 12.04LTS PC and want to be able to look at and transfer/edit files both ways to and from a Win7 Laptop.
I have Samba and Ushare on the PC. What do I need to do to set up sharing?

So Win7 can see the Ubuntu box you need to share a directory and make sure samba is set to the same workgroup as Windows.

Check the Win7 PC’s workgroup is set as WORKGROUP

Then on the Ubuntu box, go into your home folder, and right-click the “Public” folder … and select “Share” … if prompted, select “allow guest”.

Win7 should now be able to see the Ubuntu box shared folder.

Once you have that working, we’ll work on getting Ubuntu to see any shared folders on the Win7 box … I taake it you have shared something on the Win7 box ?

Nope, neither one can see each other.

What is the Win7’s workgroup set to ?

What’s the contents of your

gedit /etc/samba/smb.conf
gedit /etc/samba/smb.conf


Sample configuration file for the Samba suite for Debian GNU/Linux.

This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the

smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed

here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options most of which

are not shown in this example

Some options that are often worth tuning have been included as

commented-out examples in this file.

- When such options are commented with “;”, the proposed setting

differs from the default Samba behaviour

- When commented with “#”, the proposed setting is the default

behaviour of Samba but the option is considered important

enough to be mentioned here

NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command

“testparm” to check that you have not made any basic syntactic


A well-established practice is to name the original file

“smb.conf.master” and create the “real” config file with

testparm -s smb.conf.master >smb.conf

This minimizes the size of the really used smb.conf file

which, according to the Samba Team, impacts performance

However, use this with caution if your smb.conf file contains nested

“include” statements. See Debian bug #483187 for a case

where using a master file is not a good idea.

#======================= Global Settings =======================



Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of

workgroup = workgroup

server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field

server string = %h server (Samba, Ubuntu)

Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:

WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable its WINS Server

wins support = no

WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client

Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both

; wins server = w.x.y.z

This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS.

dns proxy = no

What naming service and in what order should we use to resolve host names

to IP addresses

; name resolve order = lmhosts host wins bcast


The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to

This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;

interface names are normally preferred

; interfaces = eth0

Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the

‘interfaces’ option above to use this.

It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is

not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself. However, this

option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.

; bind interfaces only = yes


This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine

that connects

log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

Cap the size of the individual log files (in KiB).

max log size = 1000

If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following

parameter to ‘yes’.

syslog only = no

We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog. Everything

should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If you want to log

through syslog you should set the following parameter to something higher.

syslog = 0

Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace

panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d

####### Authentication #######

“security = user” is always a good idea. This will require a Unix account

in this server for every user accessing the server. See


in the samba-doc package for details.

security = user

You may wish to use password encryption. See the section on

‘encrypt passwords’ in the smb.conf(5) manpage before enabling.

; encrypt passwords = yes

If you are using encrypted passwords, Samba will need to know what

password database type you are using.

; passdb backend = tdbsam

obey pam restrictions = yes

This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the Unix

password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password in the

passdb is changed.

unix password sync = yes

For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the following

parameters must be set (thanks to Ian Kahan < for

sending the correct chat script for the passwd program in Debian Sarge).

passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .

This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes

when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in

‘passwd program’. The default is ‘no’.

pam password change = yes

This option controls how unsuccessful authentication attempts are mapped

to anonymous connections

map to guest = bad user

########## Domains ###########

Is this machine able to authenticate users. Both PDC and BDC

must have this setting enabled. If you are the BDC you must

change the ‘domain master’ setting to no

; domain logons = yes

The following setting only takes effect if ‘domain logons’ is set

It specifies the location of the user’s profile directory

from the client point of view)

The following required a [profiles] share to be setup on the

samba server (see below)

; logon path = \%N\profiles%U

Another common choice is storing the profile in the user’s home directory

(this is Samba’s default)

logon path = \%N%U\profile

The following setting only takes effect if ‘domain logons’ is set

It specifies the location of a user’s home directory (from the client

point of view)

; logon drive = H:

logon home = \%N%U

The following setting only takes effect if ‘domain logons’ is set

It specifies the script to run during logon. The script must be stored

in the [netlogon] share

NOTE: Must be store in ‘DOS’ file format convention

; logon script = logon.cmd

This allows Unix users to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR

RPC pipe. The example command creates a user account with a disabled Unix

password; please adapt to your needs

; add user script = /usr/sbin/adduser --quiet --disabled-password --gecos “” %u

This allows machine accounts to be created on the domain controller via the

SAMR RPC pipe.

The following assumes a “machines” group exists on the system

; add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -g machines -c “%u machine account” -d /var/lib/samba -s /bin/false %u

This allows Unix groups to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR

RPC pipe.

; add group script = /usr/sbin/addgroup --force-badname %g

########## Printing ##########

If you want to automatically load your printer list rather

than setting them up individually then you’ll need this

load printers = yes

lpr(ng) printing. You may wish to override the location of the

printcap file

; printing = bsd
; printcap name = /etc/printcap

CUPS printing. See also the cupsaddsmb(8) manpage in the

cupsys-client package.

; printing = cups
; printcap name = cups

############ Misc ############

Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration

on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name

of the machine that is connecting

; include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m

Most people will find that this option gives better performance.

See smb.conf(5) and /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/speed.html

for details

You may want to add the following on a Linux system:


socket options = TCP_NODELAY

The following parameter is useful only if you have the linpopup package

installed. The samba maintainer and the linpopup maintainer are

working to ease installation and configuration of linpopup and samba.

; message command = /bin/sh -c ‘/usr/bin/linpopup “%f” “%m” %s; rm %s’ &

Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. If this

machine will be configured as a BDC (a secondary logon server), you

must set this to ‘no’; otherwise, the default behavior is recommended.

domain master = auto

Some defaults for winbind (make sure you’re not using the ranges

for something else.)

; idmap uid = 10000-20000
; idmap gid = 10000-20000
; template shell = /bin/bash

The following was the default behaviour in sarge,

but samba upstream reverted the default because it might induce

performance issues in large organizations.

See Debian bug #368251 for some of the consequences of not

having this setting and smb.conf(5) for details.

; winbind enum groups = yes
; winbind enum users = yes

Setup usershare options to enable non-root users to share folders

with the net usershare command.

Maximum number of usershare. 0 (default) means that usershare is disabled.

; usershare max shares = 100

Allow users who’ve been granted usershare privileges to create

public shares, not just authenticated ones

usershare allow guests = yes
username map = /etc/samba/smbusers
security = user

; guest ok = no
; guest account = nobody

#======================= Share Definitions =======================

Un-comment the following (and tweak the other settings below to suit)

to enable the default home directory shares. This will share each

user’s home director as \server\username

; comment = Home Directories
; browseable = no

By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change the

next parameter to ‘no’ if you want to be able to write to them.

; read only = yes

File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to

create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.

; create mask = 0700

Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to

create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.

; directory mask = 0700

By default, \server\username shares can be connected to by anyone

with access to the samba server. Un-comment the following parameter

to make sure that only “username” can connect to \server\username

The following parameter makes sure that only “username” can connect

This might need tweaking when using external authentication schemes

; valid users = %S

Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons

(you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)

; comment = Network Logon Service
; path = /home/samba/netlogon
; guest ok = yes
; read only = yes

Un-comment the following and create the profiles directory to store

users profiles (see the “logon path” option above)

(you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)

The path below should be writable by all users so that their

profile directory may be created the first time they log on

; comment = Users profiles
; path = /home/samba/profiles
; guest ok = no
; browseable = no
; create mask = 0600
; directory mask = 0700

comment = All Printers
browseable = no
path = /var/spool/samba
printable = yes
; guest ok = no
; read only = yes
create mask = 0700

Windows clients look for this share name as a source of downloadable

printer drivers

comment = Printer Drivers
path = /var/lib/samba/printers
; browseable = yes
; read only = yes
; guest ok = no

Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers.

You may need to replace ‘lpadmin’ with the name of the group your

admin users are members of.

Please note that you also need to set appropriate Unix permissions

to the drivers directory for these users to have write rights in it

; write list = root, @lpadmin

A sample share for sharing your CD-ROM with others.

; comment = Samba server’s CD-ROM
; read only = yes
; locking = no
; path = /cdrom
; guest ok = yes

The next two parameters show how to auto-mount a CD-ROM when the

cdrom share is accesed. For this to work /etc/fstab must contain

an entry like this:

/dev/scd0 /cdrom iso9660 defaults,noauto,ro,user 0 0

The CD-ROM gets unmounted automatically after the connection to the

If you don’t want to use auto-mounting/unmounting make sure the CD

is mounted on /cdrom

; preexec = /bin/mount /cdrom
; postexec = /bin/umount /cdrom

[Audiobooks 01]
comment = Audiobooks 01
path = /home/pooky2483/Audiobooks
; writeable = No
; browseable = yes
guest ok = yes

[Audiobooks 02]
comment = Audiobooks 02
path = /media/Drive2/Audiobook
; writeable = No
; browseable = yes
guest ok = yes

[TV Series]
comment = TV Series
path = /media/Drive3/TV Series
writeable = yes
; browseable = yes
guest ok = yes

comment = Films
path = /media/Drive3/Films
; writeable = No
; browseable = yes
valid users = nobody, pooky2483

comment = Music Folder
path = /media/Drive1/Music-1
; writeable = no
; browseable = yes
guest ok = yes[/spoiler]

Any particular reason you’re not telling me if the win7 workgroup is set to workgroup ?

Can you ping the IP address of each machine from the other ?
ping -c 5 <ip.address.of.pc>

No, none, just forgot and no, there is no ‘workgroup’

Can you ping the IP address of each machine from the other ? ping -c 5

They’re not ‘static’ IP’s. How do I set them as static IP’s?

The Win7 machine will either belong to a domain or workgroup … but I can’t remember where you find that out off the top of my head.

If you want to make samba configuration easier (GUI), install system-config-samba

sudo apt-get install system-config-samba

Then see here:

are you running a firewall on the Ubuntu box (such as gufw) ?

can you also post the contents of:

gedit /etc/nsswitch.conf

Mmm, if you “just” want to transfer files, SAMBA is quite a “heavy” solution.

You should find a ssh server installed on your Linux box (if not, apt-get install openssh-server), all you need to transfer files via SSH is a SSFTP or SSHFS client for Windows - of which there are a number lying around. In this instance there is zero configuration required at either end beyond entering an IP address, username, and password … :slight_smile:

I’ve already got the Samba GUI installed.

gedit /etc/nsswitch.conf

[spoiler]# /etc/nsswitch.conf

Example configuration of GNU Name Service Switch functionality.

If you have the glibc-doc-reference' and info’ packages installed, try:

`info libc “Name Service Switch”’ for information about this file.

passwd: compat
group: compat
shadow: compat

hosts: files mdns4_minimal [NOTFOUND=return] dns mdns4
networks: files

protocols: db files
services: db files
ethers: db files
rpc: db files

netgroup: nis[/spoiler]

Yes, that’s all I want to do, transfer files between computers.

I’ll repeat … Are you running a firewall (such as gufw) in Ubuntu ?

Are you sure the Windows PC’s workgroup is set to WORKGROUP ?

As you found out earlier :wink: …Nope

Are you sure the Windows PC's workgroup is set to WORKGROUP ?

I had a look at some settings somewhere and I did see ‘workgroup’

what happens if in windows you enter


into the Windows file manager addresss bar and hit enter ?

I’ve forgot where we had got to …

Can you see the Win7 box from the Ubuntu one ?

Is the only problem seeing the Ubuntu box from the Win7 one ?

Nope, nothing happens, it comes up with ‘Windows cannot access <ip.adddress.of.ubuntu>’

I've forgot where we had got to ..

Can you see the Win7 box from the Ubuntu one ?

Is the only problem seeing the Ubuntu box from the Win7 one ?

Nope, neither one can see the other!

What’s the IP of the windows and ubuntu boxes ? Wired Ubuntu Wireless Win7

They’re not static, how do I make them static?

What’s the output from:

ping -c 5

Here’s a tutorial for setting a static ip in windows 7 hope this helps


Tried following it but it’s not working!!!
I just cant figure out how to do it???

I just cant figure out how to do it???

are you talking about in Windows or Ubuntu or both ?